The Sialk Site is located on the road connecting Kashan to Fin gardens. The site consists of 2 two hills with 600 meters of distance. Adjutant to the hills, the remains of two graveyards( necropolis) has also been excavated.
Excavations on the north hills, dates the remains back to 7500 years ago, which has been abandoned 6100 years ago, while on the southern hill people resided. Through excavations that have taken place, the 4th ziggurat of Iran has also been discovered. This ziggurat was built approximately 5000-4250 years ago. The graveyards which date back to 3500 and 3000 years ago belonging to the Med dynasty are also in the Sialk site.
This site is one of the few sites that has had human residence of about 7500 years ago. The burial ceremonies in this ancient city are different from other ancient cities in Iran. Many of the items found in Sialk excavated from the necropolis.
Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization. The other three are: Choqa Zanbil (1250 BC), Susa ziggurat (1800 BC), and Haft Teppeh (1375 BC), all in Khuzestan.
“Teppe Sialk” (In Persian, Tappe means “hill” or “mound”) was first excavated by a team of European archeologists headed by Roman Ghirshman in the1930s. But like the thousands of other Iranian historical ruins, the treasures excavated here eventually found their way to museums of Europe, America and private collectors.
The Sialk ziggurat has 3 floors, and although the ziggurat itself was built in 2900 BC, it still predates Urnamu’s Ziggurat at Ur, which was built in 2100 BC. Which can mean the art and knowledge of building a ziggurat was a Mesopotamian created knowledge but infact created by the Elamites.
Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have first originated as a result of the pristine large water sources nearby that still run today. The Cheshmeh ye Soleiman (or “Solomon’s Spring”) has been bringing water to this area from nearby mountains for thousands of years.