Semnan is the capital city of Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 153,680 residants in 36,298 families.Semnan is located 216 kilometers east of Tehran.
Semnan (Semnani name: Seman) is located in the central northern portion of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The city of Semnan is a beautiful and unique municipality filled with recreational activities, historical and religious sites, festivals, gardens and parks, colleges and universities, and Semnani culture. The city serves as the cultural and political capital of the Semnan Province. The city’s main souvenirs are daffodil flowers, Shirmal pastry, Kolucheh cookies, Glim rugs, and shortbread.
Semnan Friday Mosque:
Where its building history belongs to the year 828 AH (the Shahrokh period). It is the most remarkable building in Semnan in terms of its beauty and architectural technique, is Masjed-e Jom’eh. The Minaret of the Saljuk period which contain an inscription written by the Kufi calligraphy on its brick walls are in the north eastern corner of the mosque with its Kuffic inscription upon its brick surface dates from the 12th century AD (Seljuk period) and whose high ivan, built in the 15th century AD, contains an attractive carved stucco mihrab, and bears an inscription dated 1425 AD in the name of the Timurid sovereign Shahrokh, son of Tamerlane, The minaret, known as the Minar-e Masjid-e Jam ‘e, is equipped with 91 spiral steps leading to its peak, and several holes on its body for lighting the inside area of the structure. In three corners of its courtyard, impressive prayer halls have been constructed which seem to defy the passage of time on account of their strong columniation. Several historic firmans (royal decrees) can be seen in the ivan of the mosque, which have been carved on stone and which bear the dates 1554-1612-1629 and 1694 AD.
Imam Khomeini (Sultani) Mosque:
Most impressive is this mosque founded under Fath Ali Shah in the 1820s. Two of its four iwans (barrel-vaulted halls opening onto courtyards) offer perfectly measured use of restrained coloured brickwork. There’s no such restraint in the dazzling blue tiling of the contemporary Imamzadeh Yahya . The extraordinarily high, if austere, west iwan of the Masjed-e Jameh (Jameh Mosque) dates from a 1424 rebuild, but the mosque’s most lovable feature is the gorgeous 21m brick minaret (11th century?). Leaning and kinked, it still dominates the town and is floodlit at night in incongruous electric green.
Khanqah & Tomb of Shaykh Ala ud-Daula Semnani:
Where is located in Sorkheh village. The building is being regarded to Mongols’ period. Ala ud-Daula Simnani was a Persian Sufī of the Kubrawi order, a revolutionary writer and a teacher of Sufism. He was born in Semnan, Iran. He studied the tradition of Sufism from Abud al- Rahman Asfariyeni.
Shah Abbas Carvanserai:
Which is located in Lasjerd village, and it has to somewhat remained undestroyed.
Bayazid Bastami Tomb:
The name Bastami means “from Bastam”. Bayazid’s grandfather was a Zoroastrian who converted to Islam. His grandfather had three sons, Adam, Tayfur and ‘Ali. All of them were ascetics. Bayazid was born to Tayfur. Not much is known of his childhood, but Bayazid spent most of his time in isolation in his house and the mosque. Although he remained in isolation, he did not isolate himself from the Sufi realm. He welcomed people into his house to discuss Islam. Bayazid also led a life of asceticism and renounced all worldly pleasures in order to be one with Allah The Exalted. Ultimately, this led Bayazid to a state of “self annihilation”, which, according to many Sufi orders, is the only state a person could be in order to attain union with God.
Semnan Wild Life:
The province of Semnan is very interesting regarding its many variable wild-life and its protected natural areas. The protected natural areas of “Khosh Yeilaq” (beautiful country side), on the north-eastern area of the district of Shahrood, “Parvar” on the northern area of the district of Semnan, “Khoar Tooran” on the south-eastern area of the district of Shahrood, are famous areas in this province. The rarely found Iranian Zebra groups live in Khoar Tooran area. The other wild animals of the province are named as: partridge, bustard, grouse, rabbit, leopard, zebra, gazelle, wild goat, wild sheep, sable, and many other kinds of wild animals.
Semnan Friday Mosque
Imam Khomeini (Sultani) Mosque
Visiting Semnan’s wild life & nature
Kilims or coarsely woven carpets
A variety of calico or ‘block printed’ articles
Hand woven articles
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