First Persian Garden in Pasargad
Persian Garden: The Earthly Eden (Update)
You might have already heard of Persian Gardens but to visit and feel them is quite something else. Enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage, Persian Gardens consist of nine gardens dispersed in several cities such as Eram Garden, Shiraz or Dolat-Abad Garden, Yazd. Generally, the Persian garden symbolizes the Garden of Eden as well as sky, earth, water and plants, the four Zoroastrian elements. It is a significant interchange of human heritages and a reference for western Asia, Arabian countries and Europe.
Historically speaking, the first Persian garden dates back to Achaemenid period when Cyrus the great designed and built Pasargadae, 6th century B.C. The garden design includes four sectors known as “Chahar Bagh” with water playing a crucial role both in watering and embellishment. They are a reflection of the legendary sense of nature, and the universal order for the ancient Iranian people. As they are intended to persist in specific weather conditions, trees and plants have been arranged properly and also the visitors will see an appropriate choice of flora as soon as they get in there.
The plan of this paradise garden is an evidence of Iranian intelligence thousand years ago in broad fields of knowledge such as architecture, irrigation engineering, plant life and agriculture. These factors together have created such an atmosphere that the pictures of Persian garden could even penetrate into literature, poetry, calligraphy, music and carpet design. It has also employed natural and human elements and has intertwined prominent achievements of Persian culture with a physical and symbolic artistic expression in accord with nature.
It is also connected to cultural development of universal heritage including poetry by Sa’adi, Hafez and Ferdowsi and is as well a source of inspiration for Persian rugs and miniature paintings.
Persian Gardens around the world :
Iran Traveling Center is proud of arranging Persian Garden Tours and visits for the architecture and nature enthusiasts.
Submit your review