Iran Cities and Iran Highlights
TThe ancient town of Abarkouh is located in Yazd Province. Geographically, you can see Abarkouh on the way between Yazd, Shiraz and Isfahan, three main cities of Iran. This town was originally a desert one; thus, it has been constructed using elements of architectural designs of desert houses such as vaulted roofs and so on. But, the most noticeable construction element of desert cities in Iran is sun-dried brick or mud brick to make walls and houses. The green parts of cultivated lands in Abarkouh are the result of underground aqueducts (in Persian Kariz system) made by people and so the town has enough water to cultivate the lands and gardens. Moreover, the system of making wind towers especially for hot days of the year can be conspicuously observed in the buildings of the house. At least a stop through this town is highly recommended to observe how the life is going on there and what monuments are still standing to attract travelers from inside and outside Iran to the ancient Abarkouh, including the famous cypress tree of this city.
Gonbad-e Ali (Dome of Ali)
Dome of Ali
Dating back to 11th century, this memorial is called Dome of Ali and is in fact the oldest structure of the town. You should drive to outskirts of the city, hiking to top of the hill to see one of the first tomb towers of Iran also to observe the whole city. Its unique architecture and design are among the beauties of this historical monument. Its octagonal shape and the dome-like form above, catches your eyes and this is where you can easily see the Kufic inscriptions on the monument. The materials used in the construction of this place are mountain rocks and Sarooj helping this monument to stand out upright after passing of so many years.
Cypress of Abarkuh
The enigmatic city of Abarkuh has at its heart one of the most ancient living creatures on Earth, that is a lofty and old cypress tree. This attraction is the most prominent spectacle worth visiting in this city in Iran. Just conceive that this tree is even older than the Christian Calendar and it existed on the Earth at the time when Jesus Christ had not been born yet. A Russian scientist and professor has estimated its age as 4500 years. This tree seems to be an eternal ever-green tree.
Aghazadeh Boutique Hotel
Aghazadeh Boutique Hotel
Constructed during the Qajar Dynasty, Aghazadeh Boutique hotel is built according to the ecological conditions of the town; thus, it has one of the loftiest wind towers of Iran in terms of diameter and it is one of the most beautiful houses in the desert city of Abarkuh. Nowadays, this house is restored both for the travelers to visit and to accommodate them to experience one of the most memorable, fascinating and relaxing stays inside Iran. So, a Yazd desert tour will provide you a chance to visit this house.
Koomeh Bibi Seyed Restaurant
The traditional Koomeh Bibi Seyyed restaurant has been created to promote traditional customs and to revive historical atmosphere and old houses to cater for guests and tourists. This restaurant is a spectacular and unique place in Abarkouh You can take a walk of less than 5 minutes to visit this place, too, as strolling in the narrow and thatched alleys of this area will please you as Punch. In addition to the taste of indigenous and local cuisine, familiarity with classical handicrafts and specialties of the region, Abarkouh’s intangible heritage can be touched at this place.
An outstanding architectural work built during Qajar era, is the ice house of Abarkouh. It was used to be filled with large glaciers made out of water, freezing during the cold nights of desert and in the outside streams of the fridge. Then, the ice was slid into the refrigerator in the large hole and this procedure was repetitive during the whole winter. Of course, some water was thrown inside the fridge and on the ice so that the ice masses could be squeezed together and condensed. The cone-shaped and thickened fridge made the room cool, froze the ice and prevented the ice melting in summertime. However, putting aside the architectural aspect, the ice house can be a symbol of human intelligence to save his life in hard times.