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The center of the great Persian Empire, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenians and the showpiece of Achaemenian art, Persepolis (Capital of Persia, in Greek) is a historic site in Fars Province, 60 km to the northeast of Shiraz by road, for which the Iranians have got their own name: Takht-e Jamshid (The Throne of Jamshid), Jamshid being the first, probably mythical, ruler of Iran. It is 420 km south of Esfahan and 835 km south of Tehran on a first-class asphalt road. It can be reached by air through Shiraz international airport.

The most important source of our knowledge on ancient Iran, its various royal buildings, – palaces, audience halls, treasury, store rooms, stables, etc. were built, as indicated in an inscription carved on stone, during the reign of Darius the Great (521-486 BC) and by his command, and further developments made under Xerxes I, Artaxerxes, Xerxes II, Darius II, Cyrus II, Artaxerxes II and III, and Darius III (336-331 BC), the whole process taking about one hundred and fifty years. This magnificent court was the summer residence of Achaemenian emperors and their official reception quarters.
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persepolis staircase
The Staircase

Access to the platform is by a monumental double ramped ceremonial staircase, carved from massive blocks of stone (five steps are carved from a single block seven meters long), and shallow enough for the most important guests to be able to ride up on their horses. The stairs were closed at the top with gates whose hinges fitted into sockets in the floor, seen at the top of the left or northern flight. The staircase landing is L-shaped; a corner of the platform jutting into it, reducing its surface by one-forth. This is functionally irrational, but serves a religious purpose, since it forms with the edge of the platform and the Gate of All Nations a ziggurat symbol in birds eye view for god to behold.More>>

persepolis gate of nations
The Gate of All Nations

At the head of the staircase is the Gate of All Nations, built during the reign of Xerxes I. It impresses with its massiveness. Its Four Corners is oriented to the four cardinal directions; the entrance is through the western doorway. It is guarded at east and west by vast bull-like colossi closely akin to the bull figures of Assyria.

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persepolis apadana
The Apadana Staircase

It is well worthwhile to spend all available time studying the eastern staircase of the Apadana. Better preserved, the reliefs are full of religious symbolism as well as being a record in stone of the New Years procession. The staircase is best divided into three portions, a central, a northern, and a southern panel. The northern panel shows the reception of the Persians and Medes, the more interesting southern panel the reception of the subject nations. Recent restoration of the palace showed that the original plan and layout was of much more primitive type, the monumental double staircase being added later. It is still undecided if the Apadana was not built over an older cyclopean platform of the type erected by the early Achaemenian kings in Masjid-e Suleiman.More>>

persepolis peoples
Peoples under the Persian dynasty .

Kushyia (Ethiopians), with closely curled hair and Negroid features, carrying a vase and an elephant tusk and leading an okapi.
Putaya (Libyans), escorting a kudu with long curved horns, and horse-drawn chariot.
Zranka (Dranjianians), including a lancer with a shield and a long-horned bull (some believe these are Arachosians, mountain folk from Kerman region, and cattle breeders).
Arabaya (Arabians), with textiles and a dromedary.
Skudra (Skudrians), lancers carrying shields, and a horse led by soldiers who wear classical type Thracian helmets.
The Asagarta (Sagartians), wearing tasseled caps (like those of the Capadoicians and Armenians), two of which are fastened under the chin like Balaclava helmets.
Sogda (Sogdians), or as some believe Chorasmians, holding a short sword, bracelets and axes and leading a horse.More>>

persepolis hadish
Hadish

An unfinished palace of Artaxerxes III lies across the courtyard to the south, and to the east of the Tachara, on the highest part of the platform and, like all the palaces, standing on its own terrace, is the main hall of the Hadish (literally, a Dwelling Palace), Xerxes private palace which can be reached by a staircase from the courtyard.

The central hall of the Hadish with its 36 columns, approached by the northern porch with 12 columns, is surrounded by small chambers on the east and west, and has five doorways whose portals depict Xerxes entering or leaving the palace, accompanied by attendants.
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persepolis palce
Central Place

North of the Hadish is Tripylon, the small Central Palace with its three entrances. The bas-reliefs on the main double staircase on the north depict Persian and Median guards with, on the inner surfaces, still other attractive reliefs of Median courtiers and nobles on their way to a banquet. There was another staircase on the south side of the Hadish, now moved to the National Museum of Iran. On the portal of the eastern doorway Darius is shown on his throne, supported by representatives of 28 countries, and Xerxes the crown prince stands behind. The Tripylon was certainly not a palace; it was either the main hall giving access to other palaces, or a kind of military headquarters.
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persepolis hall
Hall of 100 Columns
To the east of Tripylon and the Apadana and immediately to the north of the Treasury, is the largest edifice on the platform the Hall of One Hundred Columns, measuring 70 x 70 meters in area, covered with some three meters of soil and cedar ash when it was first partly excavated by Motamed od-Dowleh Farhad Mirza, governor-general of Fars, in 1878. It was used for the reception of the delegations of the subject peoples and collection of their tribute. It is the most functional building in the complex; it shows the psychology of Persian statecraft at its highest. The king entered the palace through the side door, positioned himself on the throne in the center of the hall, and surrounded by the nobles and the staff of the treasury.
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persepolis museum
Museum

Museum is reached through the southern gate of the 100 Column Palace. It contains not only objects found in Persepolis but, in the right-hand galleries, prehistoric pottery and artifacts from nearby mounds including Tall-e Bakun, and on the left early Islamic exhibits from Istakhr. On leaving the Museum turn sharp right and follow the outer wall of the Museum until you come to a small covered recess with several office doors. In the wall of this recess are two panels of Achaemenian tile, which, though faded, show the vivid colors used. The entire palace was similarly covered in colored tiles or painted.

persepolis treasury
Treasury

East of the Museum, at the foot of the mountain face, is a self-contained complex of halls covering over 10,000 Square meters, including two large halls whose roofs were supported respectively by 100 and 99 wooden columns, and which is believed to have been the Treasury begun by Darius. Stone and clay tablets in Akkadian and Elamite found here gave details of exact wages in cash and in kind, paid to the men who built Persepolis, proving that this gigantic undertaking was constructed by free, paid labor, in contrast to contemporary monumental buildings in other countries where slave labor was the rule.

 


 

 
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General Information:

 

Bank and exchange office:

Bank Tejarat , Shiraz Br.
Karim Khan Zand Blvd., Anvari Ave. ,
Branch
Opposit of Eram Hotel.
Shiraz. Iran . P.O.Box : 71345
Tel.: (0711) 2306225- 2331819
Tlx. 222227- TJTBIR
Fax: (0711) 2305905
SWIFT: BTEJIRTHSHI
Manager:Mr. M. Asadi 

Main post office:

There are a few smaller post offices around the Zand avenue but the main post office in some ways away in Modaress bulvard at KuyeZahra station. You need to take a taxi from downtown to get there, if you have a big thing to post , otherwise ask your hotel for the nearest post office.

 

Internet & Phone:

There is a good international phone place at Chaharrahe zand . There are also a few internet cafes along the same street. Check the Farajadian mall second floor for a good one.

 

Travel agency:

IranAir office

Shiraz – Zand BLV- next to felestin St.

Manager Email:
M.Vafaei@IranAir.com

Sale office Email:
SYZRS005@IranAir.com

Reservation Email:
SYZRM001@IranAir.com

Sales office Tel:
0711 2330041
0711 2330045

Management Office Tel:
0711 2335475 , 2359327 , 2300563

Airport Tel:
0711 7209370 

Restaurants:

Rudaki restaurant Zand ave, rudaki street. Rudaki hotel is decent option. There are plenty of Pizza parlors along the Chamran bulvard that you might want check at evenings. Yurd restaurant is a semi traditional restaurant in northof shiraz that you need to take taxi to get there.

 

Getting There and Away:

There are plenty daily flights from tehran to Shiraz. There is one dialy flight between Shiraz and Isfahan . There are also multiple weely flights between Dubai and Shiraz , Bahrain shiraz, Doha shiraz, Kuwait Shiraz too.

 

Bus:

There a few bus terminals in shiraz that based on your arrival or departure destinations you might want to use. Karandish bus terminal is a good for departures to Tehran, isfahan or any other major city in Iran , but if you are going to south , espcially Bushehr and some obscure places like Kangan and Asaluyeh, then you might want to try the Amirkabir bus terminal in FGeleke Forudgahe Qadim.

At any rate Karandish terminal is the and first place to check.

Hotels:
::   Shiraz

:: Homa 5 star
:: Pars international 5 star
:: Park 4 star
:: AryoBarzan 4 star
:: Parseh 4 star
:: Parsian 3 star
:: Apadana 3 star
:: Hadish 3 star
:: Eram 3 star
:: Arg 3 star
:: Atlas 3 star
:: JameJam 3 star hotel apartments
:: Talar 2 star
:: Tourist Inn 2 star
:: Tourst Inn 2 star (Abadeh)
:: Saadi hotel 1 star
:: Rudaki hotel  1 star
Sasan 1 star
:: Ghanei hotel 1 star
:::Darya guesthouse
:: Hashemi guesthouse
:: Zand guesthouse
:: :: Toos guesthouse
:: Esteghlal guesthouse
:: Anvari guesthouse
:: Green house hotel apartments 
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The Historical Monuments:
::Palaces & Edifices
::Castles & Citadels
::Historical Bridges & Caravansaries
::Ancient Cities &::Archaeological Hills
::Inscriptions & Engravings
::Fire Temples
::Tombs
::Old Schools
::Old Bazaars
::Old Public Baths and Water Reservoirs
::Historical Caves
::
Other Historical Monuments

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The Towns:

::Abadeh
::
Bovanat
::Darabi
::Eqleed
::Estahban
::Fasa
::Firooz ::Abad
::Jahrom
::Kazeroon
::Lamerd
::Lar
::Mamasani
::Marvdasht
::Nayreez
::Sepeedan
::
Shiraz

The natural attractions:
::Lakes & Wetlands
::Montainltitudes & Gorges
::Protected Zones
::Gardens and Recreation Places
::Rivers
::Springs
::Waterfalls
 .
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The Art & Culture:
::Museums
::Tribal Areas and Special Villages
::Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

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The Sacred & religious monuments:
::Old Mosques
::Mausoleums and Imamzadehs
::Old Churches