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| ORUMIEH :|
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Hall of the mosque are of particular architectural interest as regards the construction of vault, thickness of the foundation, and the solid stone body of the building. Seen from the outside, the cupola rests upon a polygonal brick base of sixteen sides which gradually rise up to the top of the cupola growing into circular shape. The mihrab room richly adorned with the typical decoration of the period exuberant foliage and geometric patterns framed within panels of beautifully executed Kuffic script as well as its fine carved stucco work is of the square Seljuk "kiosk mosque" type, influenced not by Islam at all, but by the square Sassanian fire-temples seen, for instance, at Naqsh-e Rostam. Stucco plaster is known to have been used as a building material in Iran for at least 2,500 years; it was developed as a decorative medium by the Sassanians and continued to be used as such in mosques and shrines, as well as private houses, from early Islamic day until the present. Lower down, the mihrab is enframed by two engaged columns decorated with plaster moldings. In the middle, there is an inscription which contains the name of the artist and the date 1277 AD. Besides this inscription there is another one of the inner side of the walls and the cupola, giving an account of the construction of the mosque and its later reparations.
Among the Armenians he is revered as the apostle of the Christian church in Persia and one of its first martyrs.
The present cruciform building, said to be on the site of this early church, stands on a hill within fortified walls and consists of two distinct parts: a domed sanctuary end built largely of dark stone, probably dating from the tenth or eleventh century, and the main body of the church, built of light sandstone, under a second and larger tent dome whose twelve-sided drum is pierced by an equal number of windows.
According to an inscription dating 1329 this latter section was rebuilt after an earthquake in 1319; considerable additions were, however, made during the 19th century, possibly when there was an abortive move to transfer here from Echmiadzin in Russia the seat of Armenian Catholics.
The exterior walls are, like those of other early Armenian churches, decorated with bas-reliefs, the effigies of saints and a lively frieze of vine leaves and animals on the newer building being particularly striking. Ruined buildings within a walled compound adjoining the western fortified walls indicate that a considerable monastic settlement once existed there.
The church has one service a year, on the feast day of St. Thaddeus (around 19 June), when Armenian pilgrims from all over Iran camp for three day to attend the ceremonies. At other times, this isolated church is rarely visited. Enter through a south gateway, the key for which is kept in the hamlet; ask for the Kelid-e Kelisa. The keys for the outer monastery buildings are not kept in the Kara Kelisa.
There are a few Urartian sites around Maku and to either side of the road to and from Orumieh to the south, but none of these can be easily reached from Maku. If you are interested, you could hire a taxi to the small Urartian citadel or Sangar about 10 km to the west of Maku, just to the north of road to Bazargan.
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