A kind of life pattern occurs wherever natural and humanity variety is intermingled, under realm of time and history, which can be exceptional and unique for its part.
Masouleh as a national relic is an obvious type of the historic habituate of mankind, which has been registered as No.1090 in national relics list of country in solar 1354. This historic town, during its 1000 age, is an obvious type in fantastic harmony between nature and human. It is located at 37, 09,13N latitude and at 48, 59,14E longitude and farthest end of damp Caspian climate region. It is situated valley of river, whose sources are near the second high peak of Talesh mountain (Masouleh-Dagh with 3050m height). Its height is 1050 m from open sea and difference between it’s the highest the lowest points are more than 120m.
The combination of Talesh, Turkey and Gilaky triple cultures from one side and the forest, the pasture and mountainous triple natures from other side, create a culture and civilization, that the first fade of it, is the specific architecture and urban development if Masouleh. So that, these triple cultures and natures and specific architecture have an effect on each other. By this order, in a continuous and constant cooperation, it has created wonderful dynamism in historic lifetime of Masouleh.
This old town with 1.6 hectare extent is based on four neighborhoods: Khaneh-Bar, Kasheh-Sar, Asad-Mahalleh and Masjed-Bar. Also Masouleh bazaar has four floors that each neighborhood connects to it directly. In Masouleh, at the moment, there are more than 350 residential units, which have been 600 units in past (about 100 years ago). Being of more than 120 commercial units around its bazaar, more than 6 caravansary, 2 traditional baths, more than 33 public springs, 10 mosques and 5 shrines strike a note of improvement and splendor of this town in recent years. During 60 past years, Masouleh population has decreased from 3500 to 900. This shows descending history progress of this ancient town.
Humans, created this habitat, urban farm and fantastic architecture in a quite agreeable life with nature, if they knew their off springs behaved with their products in this way, they would not doubt transfer this condition to them.
In recent decodes for different reasons historic-cultural and environmental identity of this rare collection has been altered and present situation of the valuable town is not suitable for fame before. Nevertheless, Masouleh is proverbial among all five wonderful town-village (Abyaneh, Kandovan, Meymand and Sar-Seiedagha). Maybe thousands of travelers (passengers) visit this historic town and natural landscapes yearly. In summer more passengers visit Masouleh, because of its temperature and damp weather, although its attraction in three other seasons is more than summer.
All passengers’ interest in natural sights not only can see strange views of natures in spring, fall and winter, but also is suitable for who want silent and calm place.