Iran a Patriarchal society?
According to Iranian sociologists, Iran has a rough and disordered society currently. One of the most controversial social issues is the relationship between men and women. Increase tendency in modern way of life and lifestyle changes from traditional to modern has changed Iran’s family structure. Iran is currently a double polar society. Currently the traditional values are in paradox with modern criterion. Traditionally men and women had jurisdiction on different matters which didn’t collide in traditional lifestyles, in case of disagreement, the traditional structure placed the man as the leader of the household who made the final decisions. But modern lifestyle has increased personal opinion and disagreement on so many issues. Many younger men have grown up to believe than men are decision makers and expect to manage their household with their sole preferences. But on the other side Iranian women who have been exposed to the modern values expect to be treated equally and will not tolerate the traditional values.
Iranian Women and legal Frameworks
The transaction from a traditional to modern society has been so fast that necessary groundwork have not been created. Another notable issue that provokes social problems in Iran is that men and women lack proper social education to deal dispute, a result of being raised on traditional values. traditional teachings are not sufficient for modern way of life. Men turn to violence to women’s reactions and women turn to protest instead of choosing dialog for communication.
Dr Aghajani, University professor discusses: One of the main reasons of this unbalanced affairs between men and women is routed in weak fundamentals in legal matters such as: Inheritance, ownership, responsibilities, relationships, family. The result may seem like Iran has patriarch society but that is not the issue.
The legal and judicial frameworks in the country do not allow active participation of Iranian women. The perception of women being socially active individuals is already accepted and men don’t usually have issues with this and even encourage women’s education and occupation, but legal grounds are still vague on many matters concerning women. Which is why most social movement on women’s right are not successful.
An example of the legal vacuums is how an Iranian women should spend her income. According to law practiced, providing for the household and fulfilling family needs is the man’s responsibility and women have no obligation. On the other hand, according to the inheritance law, women only receives a certain amount of inheritance in the occasion of her husband’s death, which means she will not receive her share if she participates in home costs and if she chooses to not participate in household costs it can cause domestic problems. Although Lack of proper legal frameworks also affects men, but it damages Iranian women more often since resources are usually at men’s disposal.