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Hamadan

Hamadan

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   HAMADAN Information:

  The Historical Monuments:
::Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions
Castles and Forts
Tombs
Archaeological Hills
Historical Bridges and Caravansaries
Old Bazaars
Old and Historical Houses
Old Public Baths and Water Reservoirs
Other Historical Monuments Details >>
 

The Towns:

::Asad Abad
Bahar 
Hamedan
Kabudarahang
Malayer
Nahavand
Razan
Towiserkan

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The natural attractions:
::Lakes and Wetlands
Caves
Forests, Valleys and Plains
Altitudes and Summits
Rivers
Recreation Places
Springs
Waterfalls
Sports 
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The Art & Culture:
::Museums
Special Villages
Handicrafts, Music, and Foods  
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The Sacred & religious monuments:
::Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzade
Old Churches
 Details >>
 

Historical Monuments

Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions
Castles and Forts
Tombs
Archaeological Hills
Historical Bridges and Caravansaries
Old Bazaars
Old and Historical Houses
Old Public Baths and Water Reservoirs
Other Historical Monuments

Palaces and Edifices

Hegmataneh Archaeological Palace, Hamedan
This palace is located in the city of Hamedan, dating to the 6th century B.C. The said structure is from the times of the ‘Medes’. ‘Kiyakesar Madi’ and ‘Nabopolasar Baboli’ were responsible for building this structure in the year 614 B.C. The decorative pieces used in this palace were ransom from earlier battles. The famous Greek historian has mentioned this palace in his records. In latest archeological excavations many discoveries related to the Achaemenian period have been found.
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Aqa Jan Bulaqi Inscription, Asad Abad    
This inscription is situated near the village of Aqa Jan Bulaqi in the valley of the Qarah Chay River at a distance of about 15 km. north of Asad Abad. The remains of this inscription, reveals a verse, related to the first half of the 12th century A.H. in the ‘tholth’ script regarding a dam built on this river. The name of the founder and date of construction can also be noted on this inscription.
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Ganj Nameh Inscriptions, Hamedan 
These inscriptions are relics from the period of ‘Darius’ and ‘Khashayar Shah’ of the Achaemenian era. The said are located 5 km. west of Hamedanat the end of the ‘Dareh-ye-Abbas Abad’ or Abbas Abad Valley, and have been engraved on a mountain. Each of these inscriptions has been segregated into three columns with twenty lines, and in three languages of ancient ‘Parsi’, ‘Baboli’ and ‘Ilami’. The Parsi text is to the left of these two inscriptions, the Baboli text is in the center followed by the Ilami text to the right of the engravings. The engraved tablet to the left is related to Darius the Great, under which is the engraving related to the period of Khashayar Shah.
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Castles and Forts

Choobin Castle, Malayer 
This castle is close to the lands of Daulat Abad (Malayer). Before inauguration of Malayer city, it was known as ‘Choobin’ or ‘Choobineh’. This name was most probably in honor of the Iranian commander ‘Bahram-e-Choobin’. Due to the expansion of the city, this structure has been gradually demolished.
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Dokhtar (Qiz Qalasi) Castle, Hamedan 
Though this castle is in ruins, the ramparts and structure can still be seen. Some of the gate ways and staircases have been made of polished stone. This reveals that the city prospered during those times. The important military condition of this structure was an imprint on the whole of the city of Hamedan, its surroundings and the famous Hamedan – Towiserkan Gorge.
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Kharabeh (Yazdgerd) Castle, Malayer
This castle which is a Sassanid relic is located in the ‘Kooh-e-Yazdgerd’ in the township of Malayer. This relic could have been a shelter for ‘Yazdgerd III’. At present only the ruined ramparts can be observed.
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Nooshijan Castle (Atashkadeh Fort), Malayer
This castle lies 20 km. west of Malayer, in the district of Shurkat. In this region three cycles of civilizations have been distinct; the first of which being in the second half of the 8th to the beginning of 6th century B.C. and related to the Medes. The architectural relics in this connection are, the fire-temple or (Atashkadeh) on the western side of the hill, the pillared hall or ‘Apadana’, the main hall or temple used for worship, chambers, store-rooms, tunnel and ramparts of the castle. The civilizations which came afterwards, that is the second and third cycles, have not been clarified.
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Other Castles, Hamedan 
Other castles worth mentioning are the ‘Oshtoran Castle’ located in the village of Oshtoran of Hamedan Province.
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Tombs

Alavian (Gonbad-e-Alavian) Tomb, Hamedan
This four-sided structure houses the tombs of two of the members of the Alavian family, related to the Saljuqi period. The dome of this structure had been artistically worked with plaster, but through the ages is no more. The tombs are situated under the domed ceiling of the cellar, and worked in blue tiles. Externally, the structure has been decoratively inlaid with bricks placed in a diamond pattern. The remains of a beautiful inscription, also in embossed brick, written in the ‘Kufic’ script can be observed on the outer wall and columns. The entrance to this tomb is also worth attention.
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Avecina Tomb, Hamedan
‘Avecina’, or (Hojjat-ol-Haq Sheikh-ol-Rais Sharaf-ol-Molk Abu Ali Hossein Ebne Abdollah Ebne Sina), was the great philosopher, scholar, physician of Iran (370-428 A.H.). This tomb is located in Bu Ali Sq. Hamedan. The present structure was constructed in the years 1946-1951 and since then has been repaired and renovated thrice. Located in an area of 3,090 sq. m. the area under foundation is 1,792 sq. m. The facade of the tomb is of hard stone. Three wide steps lead to the porch where there are ten stone columns. Each of these columns depicts a century from the time of the birth of this great man up to date.
The wide wooden doors of the porch open to reveal the interior with its stone walls and flooring. The main area is square in shape and the twelve base pillars supporting the tower of the tomb are situated here. The tomb of Avecina is between the tower and the tomb of his bosom friend ‘Abu Saied’. On both these graves are marble tablets and inscriptions with nine lines in the ‘Sols’ script.
On two sides of this vicinity, are two halls, one a conference hall and the other a library. The tower of the tomb has been constructed with cement and pieces of hard stone. In the midst of the twelve panels of the tower, is a cubical bronze or ‘gun metal’ chest conical at the top. On the four sides of this tomb are engravings in the ‘Sols’ script.
In the year 1949, a portrait of Bu Ali was drawn by Master Abol Hassan Sadiqi, based on particulars obtained from records. In accordance with this portrait, the statue of Bu Ali Sina was sculptured in white marble and affixed in Bu Ali square of Hamedan.
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Baba Peer (No’man Ben Maqran) Tomb, Nahavand
Baba Taher Oryan Tomb, Hamedan
This memorial is tomb of the great Gnostic and poet of the late 4th and early 5th centuries A.H. The tomb is located on a hill in the north west of Hamedan. The structure was constructed in the years 1967-1970. This tomb is on the basis of an octagon. Eight pillars of the tower, stone slabs of the tomb and its base, together with the steps and the surrounding paved area, are all of sculptured granite.
The main structure is to the dimensions of 10m. by 10 m. and has entrances along with light sutures. The facade and flooring of the structure is of stone, and inscriptions are worked with tiles. Within the internal area are 24 pieces of marble affixed, each having a verse from the poems of this reputed personality.
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Dar Sheikh (Abol Abbas Nahavandi) Tomb, Nahavand
The above mentioned is situated in the ancient locality by the same name in the township of Nahavand. The said personality was a Gnostic of the 4th century A.H. (a contemporary of Azaddodolleh Deylami). Externally, the structure is on a four-sided plan. The tomb stones present here, reveal that the current structure was constructed during the Qajar period.
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Einol Qozat-e-Hamedani Tomb, Hamedan
Another famous personality of Hamedan province is Abdollah Ben Mohammad Mianji Hamedani, a great physician and Gnostic of the 6th century A.H. He was born in Hamedan in the year 492 A.H. and devoted his youth in scholarly activities and gaining knowledge, thereby, becoming a great teacher as well as a magistrate or judge of his times. He was brave as a judge and had no qualms about stating his beliefs. This characteristic of him, prompted Abol Qassem Dargizini to issue an order for his to be hanged in the year 525 A.H. when he was 32 years old.
This personality was also a writer and poet. The lamenting versus composed by him are a part of Persian Literature today.
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Esteroo Mord Khay Tomb, Hamedan
Located in the city center, the structure has been constructed of brick and stone. This is the tomb of Ester the Queen of Shoosh (the wife of Khashayar Shah of Iran). Mordecai (Mord Khay) was her uncle. The structure was originally constructed about 11 centuries ago, by the Jewish community in order to pay homage to these two personalities. There is a probability that the current structure has been built on the original site in the 7th century A.H.
On the two graves, valuable and antique chests have been affixed. Inscriptions embossed with plaster in the Hebrew script can be noted on the upper wall. This vicinity is a place for pilgrimage of the Jewish sect, and is also held in respect by the Moslems too.
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Hafez Abol Ala’ (Qorban Tower) Tomb, Hamedan
This tomb is located in the city of Hamedan near the Ebne Sina Junior School. This is the resting abode of ‘Sheikh-ol-Islam Hassan Ebne Attar Hafez Abol Ala’ and a group of the commanders of the Saljuqi period. It was built in the 7th and 8th centuries A.H., comprises of a brick tower with twelve sides and a brick pyramid shaped dome consisting of twelve (brick) panels.
The external part of the building is composed of arches of unique and spectacular design. In the center of the tower is a simple grave, the tomb-stone of which is related to the Safavid period. It is said, that a person by the name of ‘Qorban’ constructed a trench in this area to safe-guard the people of this locality against the Afqan invasion; thence the name of this tower. The Qorban tower is on record by The Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran.
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Haj Seifoddoleh Tomb, Malayer
This tomb is in the vicinity of the park of Malayer. This was in the past, the private residence of Haj Seifoddoleh (Soltan Mohammad Mirza Seifoddoleh, the grand-son of Fathali Shah). This estate and the surrounding lands belonged to Amir Mo’eed, the grand-son of Seifoddoleh, who was responsible for its construction. The vicinity of the tomb has four entrances, decoratively inlaid with bricks and with a domed shaped ceiling.
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Mir Razieddin Artimany Tomb, Towiserkan
The tomb of Mohammad Razieddin Artimany is located on a hill in the village of Artiman (the township of Towiserkan). The facade of the structure is of brick, and has three tall arches. Behind these arches, there is an arched doorway with tile works. The structure is square in shape, with three chambers or rooms on each side externally. The mausoleum has four arched entrances, done in beautiful tile work on each side. Within the structure, the tomb has been made of hard stone.
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Seyed Jamaleddin Asad Abadi Tomb, Asad Abad
A man of great repute, a contemplating social reformer of the east was born in the year 1254 A.H. in Asad AbadHamedan). He was poisoned to death in Turkey in 1314 A.H. A memorial has been constructed at his residence in Asad Abad.
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Other Tombs, Hamedan
Other tombs worth mentioning in the province are the tomb of Qazvini (a Gnostic) and the tomb of Alexander in Hamedan.
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Archaeological Hills

Geyan Hill, Nahavand
This hill is in Geyan, west of Nahavand city, and dates to the 4th-1st millennium B.C. In the excavations made at this site, archeologists have defined five cycles of civilizations. The fifth or lower most section is at a depth of 7.5-19 m. Here earthenware has been discovered light green or yellow in color and designed in black, axes made of copper were also found here. The fourth section (or floor) is at a depth of 7.5-9 m. In this sector earthenware with the images of sea gulls and an eagle with opened wings have been found.
Furthermore, a vast cemetery has also been discovered together with articles such as metal ware, water goblets, silver armlets, etc. The earthenware found in the next segment (3rd floor), are three legged vessels of brick color and designed with black lines. Besides which swords and other articles and vessels have been found here. On the fourth floor, the remnants of structures can be noted. Earthenware found here are designed with the images of birds. Other vessels made of clay, yellow-gray in color in various shapes, round pots decorated with geometrical design have been discovered here.
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Hegmataneh Hill, Hamedan
The ancient Hegmatanen hill is located at the entrance of Hamedan city. Relics discovered from this hill are, a golden tablet (from the times of Ariamaneh, the father of Arsham), the golden cup (related to Khashayar Shah, the offspring of Darius) dating to the 5th century B.C. A sword and a goblet (of approximately the Achaemenian period), and an embossed lion with wings in a leaping position (related to the Achaemenian era). These discoveries show that this area, i.e., the Hegmataneh hill was most probably the treasury of the Achaemenian monarchs.
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Mosalla Hill, Hamedan
This hill is to the east of Hamedan city, and at a short distance from Imam Khomeini Sq. The said hill covers an area of 400 x 600 sq. m. In the past, this vicinity was a place of worship and the temple of Hamedan was situated here. There is a strong possibility that this hill had a connection with Hegmataneh hill and palaces. Due to presence of the temple on this hill, it had found a special religious importance.
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Pari Hill, Malayer
This hill has an elevation of 15 m. and is located in the village of Pari, in the township of Malayer. In this hill graves related to the first millennium B.C. have been found. In these graves, the dead bodies have been laid on their left or right arm, (depending on the position at the time of death), with bent knees and hands crossed on their chest, and an effort has been made that corpse face the sun. Along with the dead, vessels and personal articles such as rings, bracelets and necklaces have also been discovered.
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Pisar (Ali Abad) Hill, Hamedan
This hill lies at a distance of 2.5 km. north of the Hegmataneh hill. This hill is about 10 m. higher than the surrounding area, and due to presence of a river is divided into two parts. The covering area is equivalent to 1 sq.km. Historically, this hill dates to the Achaemenian period. According to archeological finds, this area could be associated with the Medes.
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Historical Bridges and Caravansaries

Farasfaj Bridge, Towiserkan
This bridge has been constructed in the Farasfaj village (Towiserkan). The bridge is on one of the tributaries of the Qelqel Rood River and is a relic from the Safavid era. The bridge is a short and narrow one with three wide arches, and has been made of stone and brick.
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Khosrow Abad Broken Bridge, Hamedan
It is located in the village of Khosrow Abad, on the Shahab River. This bridge has four arches, two of which are larger than the ones to the sides. These arches stand to a height of 155 cm. from the slabs of stone and three rows of brick that form the foundation.
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Shah Abbas Caravansary, Towiserkan
This ancient ‘inn’ is close to the village of Farasfaj (Towiserkan), and belongs to the Safavid period. The said structure is square in shape, having four porticos. There are four circular towers on each corner, and three semi-circular towers on the eastern, western and northern sides which were the watch towers. On either side of the door-way are brick laid arched ceilings.
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Yarim Qayeh Caravansary, Kabudarahang
The same is situated in the village of Yarim Qayeh in Famineen (Kabudarahang). This caravansary is related to the Safavid era. It is a rectangular structure, suited for mountainous regions. Materials used in its construction are stone and mortar. In the frontal portion of the structure, the remains of three decorative towers can be noted.
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Old Bazaars

According to the old, historical records, bazaars have an ancient background, such as even during the Medes, bazaars existed. Like wise in this province bazaars having various alleys or rows to do with different professions, existed since long. In the olden day, Hamedan was en route to Mesopotamia, and trading caravans crossed to and from, thus increasing the importance of the bazaars in this region.
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Hamedan Bazaar, Hamedan
In general the said bazaar is related to the Qajar period, and is within the limits of the Baba Taher, Ekbatan and Shohada avenues. This bazaar comprises of 30 rows or sections of shops, each ‘row’ to do with a particular profession or trade. For example there are the confectioners, butchers, pea-roasters, tin-makers, book-binders, shoe makers and dealers in second- hand goods. These alleys have no ceilings, except for the one leading to theJame’ Mosque. This bazaar is made up of about 24 arcades that reveal its importance in the day gone by. The various alleys or ‘rows’ in the bazaar ofHamedan are: the goldsmiths, Chest-makers, locksmiths, butchers, confectioners, book binders, glass ware, tin-makers, haberdasheries, shoe-makers, rope-makers, including others called by the names of Felestin, Hossain Khani, Haj Fazlolah, Golshan, tanneries etc. besides the alley to the Jame’ Mosque.
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Malayer Bazaar, Malayer
This bazaar is related to the time of Sheikh-ol-Moluk (Sheikh Mohammad Ali Mirza Daulat Shah), the offspring of Fathali Shah, (founder of Malayer city). This bazaar comprises of a main bazaar along with two branching bazaars. There are a few arcades and residential houses surrounding it. The main bazaar runs in a north-south direction and from east to west. The point where these two meet is known as the ‘chahar sooq’ which has a huge dome. Here there are arcades and a number of shops. The former arcades in the western section, are presently serving as a gymnasium or the place for traditional sports (Zoor Khaneh).
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Old and Historical Houses

Shahbazian Old House, Hamedan
This ancient house is located in the Bu Ali Sina Avenue of Hamedan, and is a relic from Qajar era. This structure is rectangular in shape and in two floors including the basement. The structure comprises of two segments such as the exterior quarters or ‘birooni’ and the interior quarters or ‘andarooni’. (The latter traditionally was used to be the women’s section). The facade of the structure is decorated in floral design with plaster, together with intricate brick works. The name of Imam Ali (P.B.U.H.) has been constantly repeated in the architecture. Plaster has been used to decorate columns and shelves. Glazed brick in black color have been used for the decorative arches of the ceiling, and the windows of the structure are fitted with colored glass.
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Old Public Baths and Water Reservoirs

Amir Afkham Bath, Hamedan
This bath is located in the Amir Afkham Sheveriny Castle (reputedly called Amir Sheveriny). The said bath is related to the Qajar era.
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Golestan Bath, Asad Abad
This bath is situated in the ‘Darb-e-Caravansary’ locality of Asad Abad. The entrance leads to an area having six sides, with a domed ceiling. The cloak-room of the bath is to the frontal section, (known as the ‘sarbineh’) which is octagonal. On the six sides of this area are six platforms or benches utilized during the changing of clothes. The ceilings above these portions are done in a diagonal fashion. There is an area with hot and cold water pools. This structure has been constructed with brick, gypsum and polished marble and the same most probably dates back to the Safavid period.
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Haj Aqa Torab Bath, Nahavand
The same was constructed in the year 1342 A.H. during the reign of Naseredin Shah. The structure is rectangular in shape and is divided into two by a wall. One section contains the hot water and the other cold water pool. In the latter part there are four stone columns and a private cloak-room. This area has a domed ceiling. The former also has four pillars and a ceiling. In the central portion of this bath is a beautiful pool with chambers surrounding it.
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Shah Abbas Water Reservoir, Asad Abad
This water reservoir is situated in the midst of a locality called ‘Darb-e-Caravansary’ in Asad Abad. The said reservoir consists of three sections internally, or the central area with a leveled roof and segregated walls. The actual water reservoir has 18 steps made of brick with an arched and a domed ceiling. This water reservoir dates to the Safavid period.
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Other Historical Monuments

Mir Fatah Ice-Pit, Malayer
This relic is from the Qajar period and its founder is Mir Fatah. The structure is constructed of brick and is a dome like shape and located on the boulevard on the way from Malayer to Borujerd. The structure has two doors or entrances, one is similar to a corridor from which ice is obtained, and the other is the main door which leads to the place where the ice is kept. In this area, both internal and external two rows of bricks have been laid, in order to prevent melting ice in summer, thereby acting as a conductor. Materials used in the construction of this structure are brick and stone.
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Shir Sangi (Stony Lion), Hamedan
This statue is located in the park and square of Sang Shir. There are various theories as to the history of this statue. There could be a possibility that the same is from the Parthian period. Others suggest that this could be a relic of Medes times till the Parthian era. Yet another version holds as well, and that is that Alexander issued orders that this statue be sculptured in honor of the memory of one of his commanders. This statue is held in great respect by the people..
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Religious Monuments

Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzadehs

Old Mosques

Hamedan Jame’ Mosque, Hamedan
The said mosque is located near the central Sq. of Hamedan and to the west of Ekbatan avenue. The mosque is rectangular in shape, and formerly had four porches of which three have been remained. This structure comprises of two areas for nocturnal prayers, a brick dome and a large and pleasant court-yard with a huge pool in the centre. To the southern side of the mosque are shallow arches, and in the east and northern sides are the minarets. In the entrance corridor is a large stone trough, made of one piece of stone. On this, the name of the endower and date of the endowment is stated, besides which is a verse written in the Nasta’liq script.
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Nahavand Jame’ Mosque, Nahavand
This mosque is located on the skirts of a hill overlooking the city ofNahavand. The structure is rectangular in shape and consists of three sectors, the ceiling and dome of which are supported by strong pillars. The central section is wider than the ones on the two sides and is covered by three domes of equal height. This structure has been generally constructed with brick and a mixture of earth and gypsum, keeping the architecture on simple lines. A small inscription on stone, related to the Saljuqi era, is the only adornment of this mosque.
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Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh Mosque, Towiserkan
This mosque is located in the central square of Towiserkan city, and is reputedly known as the ‘Madresseh-ye-Abbas’ (Abbas School). This structure has an octagonal court-yard, with 36 chambers, that are the resident quarters of the clergy under tutorial there. The mosque of this aggregate is located in the eastern sector of the court-yard. Some believe this mosque to be related to the Safavid era and some think it to be from the time of Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh, a minister of Shah Tahmasb Safavid.
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Sheverin Village Mosque, Hamedan
This mosque is in the village of Sheverin, 5 km. east of Hamedan. In respect to architecture, this mosque is similar to that of mid Qajar era. Constructed of brick, this structure is interesting from the point of view of architecture, and is on the historical record in Iran.
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Soltani Mosque (Jame’ Mosque), Asad Abad
This mosque is situated in the vicinity of the ‘bazaar’ of Asad Abad. The mosque is rectangular in shape. On the wall of the corridor at its entrance is a tomb-stone of cream colored marble with the Kufic script on it. Besides which are five other inscriptions on stone with the following particulars –
The decree of Shah Tahmasb Safavid I (930-984) and dating to the year 972 A.H. The same was in relation to tax exemptions or a discount in taxes imposed on owners of four- legged beasts and only those of the Shiite sect came under this order.
The decree of Shah Abbas Safavid I (996-1038) and dating to the year 1026 A.H. also related to a discount in taxes. The decree of Shah Safi (1038-1052) and dating to the year 1046 A.H. in connection with the tax and government tax exemptions of various communities such as the ‘Kavlolian’, ‘Oranloo’ and the ‘Indians’ (reputedly known as ‘KhatIran’).
These communities had settled in the vicinities of NahavandAsad Abad, Harsin, Deynoor, Bilavar, Sonqor, Gurab and Malayer. An inscription related to the repairs of this mosque under the orders of Shah Soleiman Safavid (1077-1105), under the supervision of Haji Ali Khan Zanganeh, Aslan Aqa, and an architect by the name of Mohammad Taheri Hamedani. These repairs took place in the year 1097 A.H.
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Mausoleums and Imamzadehs

Habaqooq-e-Nabi Mausoleum, Towiserkan
This tomb is located near the city of Towiserkan and is related to the 7th century A.H. Habaqooq Nabi was one of the prophets of the Israelites, the keeper of Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. This structure is tower-like and made of brick. Externally the dome is a cone shaped one, but internally it is spherical. In its facade, this octagonal structure has shallow arches with tile work on the top. Between these arches are plain panels. The tomb is in the center of the structure.
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Imamzadeh Abdollah, Hamedan
This Imamzadeh is located in the square by the same name. The structure is a 24 sided one and spherical in shape. Its facade has 12 arches and 12 supporting pillars. The lower portion of the structure, that is till a height of 90 cm. it has been constructed of hard stone after which brick has been used. Its dome, internally has been incrusted with colored limestone, above which is mirror-work. Within this structure are two tombs belonging to father and son by the names of Ahmad and Abdollah Ebne Ahmad, the descendants of Imam Moosa (P.B.U.H.)
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Imamzadeh Azhar-ebne Ali, Razan
This structure is in the village of Darjezin, in Razan district. The said is a cylindrically shaped tower 20 m. in height and with 19 panels. It has a dome made of flat brick. Within the structure which is spherical, is the tomb. On this tomb is a wooden chest with inscriptions from versus of the Holy Qoran. The chest was constructed in the year 1056 A.H. under the orders of Shah Abbas Safavid II. The actual tomb however, is in the basement. The said structure dates back to the Mongol period (7th century A.H.). During the reign of Shah Abbas II (1056 A.H.) it was repaired.
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Imamzadeh Hood, Razan
This Imamzadeh is in the village of Yengi Qalleh in district of Razan. This twelve -sided structure is made of brick. The dome which most probably originally was conical in shape has been ruined, and presently has a barrel shaped or arched roof. The flooring of the cellar of this tower like structure is covered with wood. Remnants of blue tile-work can be noted in this building. This structure is related to the 8th century A.H. (Mongol era).
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Imamzadeh Khezr, Hamedan
The same is in the village of Khezr, located in the suburbs of Hamedan. This is a square structure having a dome. In addition to other artistic efforts internally, the fringes of the ‘altar’ are adorned with inscriptions in the ‘tholth’ and ‘Kufic’ scripts. On the upper walls, verses from the famous poet ‘Ferdowsi’ can be noted. These are plaster engravings in the ‘Tholth’ script. In the outer facade, inscriptions are also present. The Khezr hill is on historical record in Iran.
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Imamzadeh Mohsen (Kooh), Hamedan
This Imamzadeh is located in the village of Farajin (Hamedan). Since it is situated in one of the pleasant valleys in the slopes of the Alvand Mountains it is also known as Imamzadeh Kooh. The structure dates back to the Mongol era (8th century A.H.) and is rectangular in shape. In the central part, are two joint tombs with two double covered domes, besides which there are two areas for nocturnal prayers. In one are the burial sites of three disciples of Imam Ali (P.B.U.H.) and in the other the tomb of Imamazadeh Mohsen (a descendent of Imam Hassan P. B.) is located.
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Other Imamzadehs, Hamedan

Natural Attractions

Lakes and Wetlands
Caves
Forests, Valleys and Plains
Altitudes and Summits
Rivers
Recreation Places
Springs
Waterfalls
Sports

Lakes and Wetlands

Ekbatan Dam Lake, Hamedan
This lake is located to the south east of Hamedan, and covers an area of about 60 hectares, its maximum and minimum depth being 32 and 18 m. respectively. Artificial forests have been planted around the dam, and the lake is utilized for military activities. This area is one of the favored leisure spots as it has electricity, is enhanced with natural beauty, and is in close proximity to the city of Hamedan.
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Kerd Khord (Aq Gol) Wetland, Nahavand
This wetland is in the vicinity of Kerd Khord village and to the south of the plains of Nahavand. This wetland is 5 km. in length and 3.5 km. in width, with an average depth of 0.5 m. The suitable vegetation along with being in the neighborhood of the ‘Kath Mountains’ which has an altitude of 2000 m. is an eye-catching view, especially at the end of winter and the beginning of spring. This wetland offers ideal conditions for waterfowls such as, flamingos, ducks, geese, gulls, etc.
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Peer Soleiman Wetland, Asad Abad
This wetland is in the plains of Asad Abad and its outstanding features are the variety of birds and vegetation coverage.
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Caves

Alisadr Cave, Kabudarahang
The said cave is the largest in the world, containing water and offering the use of canoes. This cave is located in the village of Alisadr, district ofKabudarahang, and was inaugurated in the year 1967. In the hills where the Alisadr cave is located, there are two other caves by the names of  Soo Bashi  and  Sarab  Caves. The water present in Alisadr Cave, takes its source from that of the Sarab Cave. The Alisadr Cave comprises of a number of small and large ‘halls’ or spaces, in a maze like fashion, connected to each other by passages.
The water within the cave is extremely cold but very clear, odorless, colorless and with an ordinary taste. It comes under the calcium bicarbonate category, is nearly neutral in PH, but unfortunately polluted. The ceiling of the cave is covered with sedimentation of pure calcium carbonate and a mixture of other chemical compounds; thus forming stalagmites of unique beauty and design which draw the attention of visitors. The air within the cave is light and static.
To date, all the canals of this cave have not been discovered, and only approximately 2,100 m. have been recognized. Here, the height of the ceiling is between 1-35 m. the width of the canals 2 – 15 m. and the depth of the water 1 – 17 m. Within the cave, electric power, and paddling canoes (seating 4 persons) aid visitors to see parts of this cave.
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Baglijeh Cave, Hamedan
The said cave is located near the village of Sorkh Abad (Hamedan). The Baglijeh cave has beautiful stalagmites. The cave is 50 m. in length.
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Dareh Farakh Cave, Malayer
This cave is around Malayer, near the village of ‘Jowzan’. The opening or mouth of the cave is at an elevation of 2,220 m. facing the south east and to the measurements of 80-120 cm. Under the opening is a short, tight passage leading to a corridor 9 m. in length, from the ceiling of which water trickles, making the floor of the cave slippery and muddy. This passage narrows towards the end, in front of which is a stony mound and steps, ending up with a pool.
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Hizej Cave, Hamedan
This cave is on the Arak – Malayer Road, in the village of Hizej. In colloquial language it is known as Zaqeh Darehsi. On entering the cave, there are ‘halls’ or areas 12 m. in length. After which there is a vast area that consists of a path branching off from one corner.
Besides the above there are large slabs of stone that are in a state of erosion, which can be observed in another part of this area. The cave is in a corridor shape with smooth walls and continues in this way for 150 m. Thereafter, comes another vicinity, the opening of which resembles a hanging apron. The width of the cave narrows after a distance, and the ceiling also decreases in height. At this point there is a little mound caused by soil sedimentation. To one side of this ‘hall’ or space is a short opening leading to a vast and level passage, to the left of which is a crevice of 5 m. This cave is 520 m. in length, and its most attractive feature is the stalactites or strange ‘icicle’ like limestone hangings.
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Sard Kooh Cave, Malayer
This cave is located near the village of Soltan Abad, at an elevation of 2,240 m. in the Sard Kooh Mountains of Malayer. The opening of the cave is at a steep gradient, ending up at a stony entrance to the main passage of the cave. The central part of the cave has a huge area with a high roof. After crossing over a pit-like pathway, having two natural steps of stone; comes a place with a sharp upward incline with an uneven base. To the left of which is a crevice similar to a well, being the main passage of the cave. The cave ends after 73 m. of this passage. The only spectacular sight in this cave is a ‘column’ of stalagmites of 2 m. Alongside this column, there is a tight crevice of 5 m. or a pool containing clear water.
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Other Caves, Hamedan
Aside from the above mentioned caves, the other ones are not natural caves but are historical caves of the province. These are as follows: Qalleh Jooq Cave, (village of Qalleh Jooq), Aq Qaya Cave, Tasheer and Gav Khaneh Caves (Malayer road) and Azad Cave (near Towiserkan).
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Forests, Valleys and Plains

The Province of Hamedan, due to its relief encompasses numerous valleys with an eye-catching view. Most of these valleys have orchards such as, almond, apple and mulberry. Together with the natural surroundings, a picturesque scene is formed. Being in the vicinity of the mountain peaks, this region offers scope for sports like mountaineering and skiing.
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Doozakh Dareh Valley, Hamedan
The said valley is rocky in type that ends up at Kooh-e-Imamzadeh. The famous waterfall of this valley reaches a height of approximately 15 m. The presence of groves and a river in the depth of this valley, together with the surrounding Alvand Mountain Ranges, draws a breath taking view in the area.
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Forests, Hamedan
At a distance of 25 km. from the city of Nahavand are forests as those of the Zagross Mountains, which cover an area of 200 hectares. Alongside the Giyan spring as well as the surrounding hillocks these forests form a pleasant sight. This vicinity has camping facilities and recreational areas. Besides the above, the groves of Towiserkan and the fringes of the Simineh River account for other leisure spots.
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Gazand Sarabi Valley, Towiserkan
This valley is situated in Towiserkan, and engulfs walnut orchards that extend over an area of 500 hectares. The required water for cultivation is obtained from the surrounding springs. The Gazand River also flows here.
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Plains, Hamedan 
 No doubt the vast plains enhanced with natural beauty, are considered to be of important attractive tourist sites. To the north east of Hamedan are the plains of Kurijan and Razan extending till Avaj. Most of these plains are under cultivation of wheat and grain, thereby being a pleasant sight during the spring and summer seasons.
This region at an average is 1,800 m. above sea-level. In the vicinity of Aabsheeneh and Sang Sefid of Hamedan are vineyards and nurseries for raising trees. The north west plains of Hamedan (Bahar) due to suitable vegetation, provide recreational areas. The city of Malayer is situated on a high plain, surrounded by orchards. The vast and fertile plains of Asad Abad stretch out towards Nahavand and Kangavar. In the vicinity of Nahavand vast plains extend towards the Gamasiyab River which is an excellent leisure spot!
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Serkan Valley, Towiserkan
This valley which is about 1,000 hectares has walnut, apple and mulberry orchards in it. One of the prominent features of this valley is its archaic trees. The Serkan River also flows through this vicinity.
Other Valleys, Hamedan
Other valleys are named as, Shahrestaneh Valley, Baq (gardens/orchards) of Artiman, Faran Valley and Orchard and Zeeba Valley.
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Altitudes and Summits

Abbas Abad Telecabin, Hamedan
This telecabin takes visitors to and from the Abbas Abad Hill to the southern side of the Eram Blvd.
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Alvand Summit, Hamedan
The mountainous region of Alvand embraces the important summits of the province. The Quri Chay and Qarah Chay Rivers take their sources in the northern slopes, and the Yujari Chay and Khoram Abad Rivers take their sources in the south western skirts. The most suitable route to the Alvand peak is from the Ganj Nameh route (Hamedan) in Abbas Abad. In the skirts of Alvand Mountains, ‘Kallaq Lan’, ‘Chal Qibleh’ and ‘Chal Nabaleqan’ are equipped with facilities to accommodate visitors.
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Rivers

Gamasiyab Rood River, Nahavand
The river originates from the south eastern heights of the Gerou Mountains. In its route it joins up to the springs and other smaller rivers. After irrigating the plains of Nahavand it flows towards the north west. After adjoining with the Qarah Soo River, in the south east of Kermanshah, it flows south. Together with the Karkheh River in the plains of Khuzestan, continues on its course. The Gamasiyab Rood River is the largest river of the province.
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Qarah Chay (Siyah Rood) River, Hamedan
This river takes its source in the heights between Arak and Malayer. After joining with other rivers and irrigating the surrounding lands, it flows towards the Haus Sultan Lake. In the higher areas of the river, leisure spots are found.
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Qelqel Rood River, Towiserkan
This river takes its source in the south of the Alvand Mountains and rivers such as Sarabi, Serkan and Karzan adjoin the Qel-Qel River. After irrigating the cultivated lands of Towiserkan, it joins the Gamasiyab Rood River. In its higher areas the river flows through a beautiful region.
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Other Rivers, Hamedan 
Other rivers that can be named are: Talur River, Khoram Rood River.
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Recreation Places

Abbas Abad Recreational Place, Hamedan
This recreational area situated on the skirts of the Alvand Mountains, comprises of a little zoo. In addition to the famous ‘Abbas Abad Waterfall’, ‘Ganj Nameh Inscriptions‘ (of the Achaemenian period), and the beautiful valleys around are beautiful and interesting places to visit. Lower down is the recreational complex of Abbas Abad, situated on a hill overlooking Hamedan. There is also a game center close by.
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Springs

Farsban and Giyan Mill Springs, Nahavand
These springs gush out from the Zagross Mountains south of Nahavand and are also considered as one of the important recreational areas of Hamedan Province. Here there are archaic trees over 500 years old, giving a special affect to this region.
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Gamasiyab Spring, Nahavand
This spring is the first source of the Gamasiyab River. This source lies in the northern slopes of the Gerou Mountains. This vicinity offers recreational facilities.
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Mineral Water Springs, Hamedan
There are several mineral water springs in the province, and some of these are located close to the main road network of the region. Of these a few offer accommodation facilities for visitors. These springs are generally thermal springs used for treatment. The most important of which are, Fereshteh, Aab-e-Torsh-e-Ali Sadr, Majnoon Abad, Mahi, Barjaki and Imamzadeh inNahavand, Nikan-Su’ie and Shafijan in Towiserkan, Zaman Abad, Qeynarjeh in Razan, Aaji Su’ie, Sadeqloo, Gargar and Shureen.
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Other Springs, Hamedan
Other springs that can be named are: Kangavar-Kohneh Spring, Maloosan Spring, The Dehlar Spring, Maran Spring and Laklak Spring of Asad Abad.
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Waterfalls

Ganj Nameh Waterfall, Hamedan

Alvand Ski Slope, Hamedan

This ramp has a length of 4 m. Facilities such as a shelter, guest-house and a skiing school are available here, including three telecabins.
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Culture & Art

Museums
Special Villages
Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

Avecina Tomb Museum, Hamedan
The new memorial structure of the tomb of Avecina (Bu Ali Sina), was constructed in the year 1941 right in its former location. From the architectural aspect the dome of the said structure is an inspiration from ‘The Gonbad-e-Qaboos’ in the plains of Gorgan, and ‘Persepolis’ or Takht-e-Jamshid. In the museum here, ancient relics, an anthropology section and books of Avecina are on display. Besides which exhibits such as bronze statues related to the 1st millennium B.C., gourd bottles (or canteens), coins, beads and articles of silver related to the Sassanid period. The tomb of the great Gnostic ‘Qazvini’ is also located in this vicinity.
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Natural History Museum, Hamedan
This museum is located in the Agricultural Faculty of Bu Ali University (Hamedan). The same was inaugurated in the year 1972. The museum has been erected in an area covering 1,800 sq.m. and with three exhibition halls. Each of these deals with a group of displays such as mammals, water species, reptiles and birds. Specimens of fossils and minerals can also be noted in this museum. Approximately, 7000 samples are on display here.
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Special Villages

Artiman Village, Towiserkan
The village of Artiman is a pleasant village with beautiful natural surroundings. In this village is the tomb of the reputed Gnostic and poet Mir Razieddin Artimani of the Safavid period. The architect of this tomb was the famous Mr. Seyhoon of the Pahlavi reign. It is an interestingly unique structure.
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Farajin Village, Hamedan
This village is near Hamedan, in the district of Maryanaj in an elevated region. It has moderate summers and cold winters. In this village is the tomb of Imamzadeh Mohsen, (a descendent of Imam Hassan P.B.U.H.) In this vicinity is the tomb of one of the disciples of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). The structure of this Imamzadeh is unique from the architectural aspect. It has been constructed of brick, and its dome, place for nocturnal prayers and courtyard are its interesting features .This Imamzadeh is also known as Imamzadeh Kooh. The village has a pleasant view and also has a spring.
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Farasfaj Village, Towiserkan
This village, near Towiserkan has a temperate climate. Close by is the ancient bridge and inn or caravansary of Shah Abbas. A branch of the ‘Silk Road’ passed alongside this village giving it importance in the older times.
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Oshtoran Village, Towiserkan
The said village has a temperate climate. Furthermore, the valuable relic and historical castle of Oshtoran is located here. The structure of which has been constructed with sun baked bricks and mud. In past, it played a part from the military point of view.
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Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

Handicrafts and Souvenirs, Hamedan 
The most important handicraft of the province is earthenware and ceramics, and a place called ‘Lalejin’ (30 km. north of Hamedan) is famous for this handicraft. Besides earthenware and ceramics, there are the followings – carpet and ‘Gelim’ weaving (or a coarse carpet), clothing (mainly to do with the nomads), ‘jajeem’ (or a loosely woven woolen material), leather work, ‘geeveh’ (a local foot-ware), sweet-meats and grape syrup.
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Local and Regional Foods, Hamedan
Food in this province alike others excel in variety. There are various types of ‘aash’ or a type of soup such as ash-e-dooq, aash-e-kachi, aash-e-qureh etc; a variety of a type of meat broth, called ‘abgoosht’ such as, abgoosht-e-qureh, abgoosht-e-beh, abgoosht-e-qormeh etc. There are also a variety of meat-balls, kookoos, and kabobs (grills). Stuffed vegetables also form another part of the menu. Besides these are many kinds of curries and pickles.
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Townshipssss

Asad Abad
Bahar 
Hamedan
Kabudarahang
Malayer
Nahavand
Razan<
Towiserkan

Asad Abad

Bahar

It is located to the north east of of Hamedan, and in the fertile plains of Bahar. This area is famous for its potato cultivation, which is distributed to other parts of the country. Bahar is situated 30 km. from Hamedan and has a cold mountainous climate, with snowy winters and short mild summers. The city of ‘Lalehjin’ in this township is famous for its ceramics in Iran.
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Hamedan

Hamedan township is in the vicinity of the Alvand Mountains has a cold, mountainous climate, with snowy winters and short mild summers. The city of Hamedan is the center of the province and is at a distance of 337 km. from Tehran. The structures of city is related to ‘Diya Aku’ one of the monarchs of the Medes, about (700 B.C.). According to the records of a reputed Greek historian, this territory was called ‘Ekbatan’ and ‘Hegmataneh’ by this monarch. Thus being transformed into a huge capital, which was later repaired by Darius the Great.
During the Parthian era, ‘Teesfoon was the capital of the country, and Hamedan the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamedan. In the year 23 A.H. when the war of Nahavand took place and Hamedan came into the hands of the Arabs, at times it thrived and at times witnessed poverty. In the times of the Deylamites (319 A.H.), it suffered plenty of damages. In the 6th century A.H., the Seleucidians shifted their capital from Baqdad to Hamedan.
The city of Hamedan which was always assaulted by the rise and fall of powers was completely destroyed during the Teimooride invasion. During the Safavid era the city thrived. Thereafter, in the year 1138 A.H., Hamedan surrendered to the Ottomans, but due to the courage and chivalry of Nader Shah Afshar, Hamedan was cleared off the invaders and according to the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans, it was returned to Iran. The city of Hamedan lay on the ‘Silk Road’ and even in the last centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of the country.
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Kabudarahang

This township lies in the vast plains north of the province. It has a cold mountainous climate. The city of Kabudarahang is the center of this township which lies 62 km. from Hamedan. Kabudarahang was a part of Hamedan Township, but today it is a separate township.
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Malayer

Malayer is one of the southern townships of Hamedan Province, with a temperate and mountainous climate. Mostowfi narrates that Nahavandcomprised of 100 villages divided into three portions named as, Malayer, Esfidhan and Jeyqooq. The city of Malayer stands 83 km. south east ofHamedan, and 418 km. from Tehran. There are many versions as to its name. It is said that during the time of the Medes, fire would be lighted on the hills to send out information to other parts of the territory from here. This area was therefore known as Mel Agar, which meant ‘fire hill.’ This is the current township of Malayer, which thrived from long past.
Fathali Shah was responsible for the construction of what is now the city of Malayer today. It was in the year 1188 A.H. that this place was inaugurated by Mohammad Ali Mirza Daulat Shah, and in honor of the founder was called Daulat Abad. But later on during the Pahlavi rule was changed to Malayer.
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Nahavand

Nahavand is one of the southern townships of Hamedan Province, with a temperate mountainous climate and heavy rainfall during the spring. The city of Nahavand lies 152 km. south of Hamedan, and about 460 km. from Tehran. Studies and archeological researches conducted by Prof. Grishman in the ‘Geyan Hill‘, reveals that approximately 3,700 years B.C. the inhabitants of this region had a similar civilization to that of Mesopotamia. But this civilization crumbled due to the presence of Asians and Europeans.
At the time of the invasion of Alexander to Iran, during the Achaemenian period, Nahavand was destroyed, though not much is known of this period. The Seleucidians also attacked this city and remained there for some time. In the Sassanid period however, Nahavand held a strategic position. During the Arab invasion, the Iranian soldiers were forced to surrender. Naseredin Shah (Qajar dynasty, visited Nahavand, and ordered the castle of the city, which was an important historical monument, to be completely destroyed. The township of Nahavand is one of the ancient seats of civilization in Iran.
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Razan

The township of Razan is in the extreme north eastern part of the province and is the neighborhood of the Qazvin Province. To the east and north of this township span the mountains of Noubaran, and the famous snow-bound Avaj Gorge is located in these mountains. This is the reason why this township has cold winters and mild, short summers. The city of Razan lies en route between Hamedan and Tehran 83 km. from Hamedan and 250 km. from Tehran. Razan which was a part of Hamedan Township, in the recent years has become itself a township.
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Towiserkan

Situated in the south eastern slopes of the Alvand Mountains, and to the south of Hamedan on elevated land, it experiences cold winters, and moderate summers. The city of Towiserkan lies at a distance of 395 km. from Tehran and 93 km. from Hamedan. The old city of ‘Rood Avar’ formerly comprised of three villages called ‘Tu’ie’, ‘Serkan’, and ‘Shekan’. After the invasion of the Mongols this city lost its importance, and the inhabitants flocked to ‘Tu’ie’.
The current Towiserkan is the former Tu’ie. Serkan is 10 km. north west of Towiserkan. Even today it is one of the cities of the Towiserkan Township. The Habaqooq-e-Nabi Mausoleum is near this city. This prophet lived here in 700 B.C. Archeological excavations made around this mausoleum reveal the importance of this area during that time.
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Suggest your comments about nearby Sightseeing

 

iran Map Maps
General Information:

 

 Bank and exchange office:

Melli bank of Iran .

Imam Khomeini Square.

Main post office: Internet &

 

Along the Bu Ali street there are some internet cafés and also Main post office of the city

 

 

Phone: Travel agency

 Try Bu Ali street. There are also some long distance  phone places.

 

Restaurants:

 

You should try Hezaro yek Shab restarunt and also Baharestan teahouse at Shohada street. They are really good options to start with.

There is alsoo a quiet and reasonably good restaurant in the cellar of Bu Ali Hotel (33071-2), but its menu is minimalist. There are several chelo kababis nearby and around the bazaar. There are also quite a few pleasant cafes and restaurants at Ganj Nameh, 35 km away, that are very popular with Hamadanis.

 

 Getting There and Away:

There are multiple daily departures between Hamedan, Tehran , Isfahan and other major cities. Check with Cooperatives No 7 and No 9, Ekbatan Ave 24362 and 27477, respectively.

Bus terminal is close to Hegmataneh square.

 

Hotels:
::   Hamedan
:: Azadi 4 star
:: Buali 4 star
:: Baba Taher 4 star
:: Arian 3 star
:: Hamedan guesthouse
:: Farshchi guesthouse
::Ordibehesht guesthouse
:: Yas hotel (1 star)
:: Alisadr inn 2 star (Alisadr)

 

The Historical Monuments:
::Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions
Castles and Forts
Tombs
Archaeological Hills
Historical Bridges and Caravansaries
Old Bazaars
Old and Historical Houses
Old Public Baths and Water Reservoirs
Other Historical Monuments
image/BulletA8.gif (195 bytes)The natural attractions:
::Lakes and Wetlands
Caves
Forests, Valleys and Plains
Altitudes and Summits
Rivers
Recreation Places
Springs
Waterfalls
Sports
image/BulletC8.gif (549 bytes)The Art & Culture:
::Museums
Special Villages
Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

The Towns:

::Asad Abad
Bahar 
Hamedan
Kabudarahang
Malayer
Nahavand
Razan
Towiserkan

image/BulletB8.gif (515 bytes)
The Sacred & religious monuments:
::Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzade
Old Churches
image/BulletD8.gif (558 bytes)
 
 

 

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