Alamut (Persian: دژ الموت)
Those who favor ambitious excursions and unusual historical episodes are recommended to hire a car and a guide to go near the source of the Alamut river on the southern foothills of the Alborz Mountains (requiring one full day for the return journey). There, fortified eagles' nests recall unbelievable but authentic adventures of the "Old Man of the Mountains" - Hassan Sabah, The Grand Master (1040-1124) - and of his sect of "Assassins" or "Hashashins."
Annual Alamoot Temperature average:
| 3.4|| 2.0|| 5.6|| 13.1|| 18.6|| 24.7|| 27.2|| 27.8|| 20.9|| 17.2|| 8.8|| 4.0|
In 2004, an earthquake further damaged the already crumbling walls of the fort.
From a high mountain fortress, Ibn al-Sabbah directed a ruthless campaign against the overlords of other sects in Persia, Iraq and Syria. Northwest of Qazvin, atop the Alborz Mountains, on a lonely ridge 6000 feet above the sea, stood the castle of Alamut (eagles nest). Commanding a royal view of the valley below, accessible only by a single, almost vertical pathway, the remote fortress was an ideal hideout and headquarters. In 1090, Hasan seized the fortress of Alamut, and the castle henceforth received the name of the Abode of Fortune. The position of Alamut caused its prince to receive the title Shaykh al Jabal "Prince of the Mountain", and the double sense of the word Shaykh, which means both prince and old man, has occasioned the historians of the Crusades and the celebrated Marco Polo, to call him the Old Man of the Mountain.