Iran Traveling Center

Ahvaz

More  about Ahwaz in discussion forums here >>

   AHWAZ INFORMATION:


 

The Historical Monuments:
::Temples
Ancient Cities and Archaeological Hills
Castles and Forts
Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions and Epigraphs
Tombs
Historical Bridges, Caravansaries and Gorges
Old and Historical Houses
Old Bazaars
Mills 
Historical Caves
Historical Graveyards
Other Historical Monuments
 Details >>

 

The Towns:

::Abadan
Ahwaz
Andimeshk
Baq-e-Malek
Behbahan
Dasht-e-Azadegan
Dezful
Eazeh
Khorram Shahr
Mah Shahr
Masjed Soleiman
Ramhormoz
Shadegan
Shoosh 
Shooshtar

Details >>

 

 
 

The natural attractions:
::Rivers
Lakes, Dams and Wetlands
Protected Zones
Springs
Forests and Valleys
Mountain and Summits
Details >>

 
 

The Art & Culture:
::Museums
Handicrafts, Music, and Foods
Details >>

 
 
The Sacred & religious monuments:
::Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzadehs
 Details >>
 

Historical Monuments

Temples
Ancient Cities and Archaeological Hills
Castles and Forts
Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions and Epigraphs
Tombs
Historical Bridges, Caravansaries and Gorges
Old and Historical Houses
Old Bazaars
Mills 
Historical Caves
Historical Graveyards
Other Historical Monuments

Temples

Bard Neshandeh Temple, Masjed Soleiman

Bard Neshandeh is one of the places of worship in ancient Iran where religious rituals were held in an open area. The structure of this relic belongs to the Parsee and Achaemenian periods, while the embossment works on stones dates back to the Parthian era. The statue of “Heraclitus” or “Hercules”, with the height of more than 2 m. was excavated from this temple. This vicinity consists of three distinctly separated areas, i.e., the palace, a worship place of to the east of the palace and the residential areas placed to the north.
Valuable and historical relics have been discovered here, these are displayed and kept in local and museums abroad. The most important of these vestiges are, ancient statues, coins and earthenware.
Back to top 

Choqazanbil Temple (Ziggurat), Shoosh

Choqazanbil is situated at a distance of 45 km. south east of Shoosh, and is the only remnant of an ancient city, that was constructed approximately in 1300 B.C. This city which was at the vicinity of 2 km. from Dez River was known as “Ontashgal”. The same is a reminder of the new Elamit civilization. It was surrounded by three interconnected sun brick made ramparts with the main entrance situated in the eastern side of the largest rampart.
The palaces and tombs of the Elamit monarchs are situated between the first and second ramparts. Between the second and the third ramparts, the remnants of the water supply and purification system for city is observed. The water purification system of Choqazanbil was to provide drinking water for citizens, and is obviously accounted as one of the most ancient water supply systems. In the center of the third rampart, the main temple (Ziggurat) is placed. This square shaped structure is constructed at the dimensions of 105×105 sq.m., along four main directions.
This temple was constructed by means of millions of bricks, in five floors. At present only two floors have been remained. Except for the first and fifth floors, the rest have been filled with sun baked bricks. The fifth floor which is considered to be the highest one was used to be the place where idols were kept. The main idol was called “Inshushinak” which was considered to be the most famous deity of Shoosh city. On the brick walls of the temple, same inscriptions designating the name of the king in the Cuneiform script can be observed which reveals the aim of the monarch in the construction of this temple. Near the temple, on the main ground there are two circular platforms. Some believe this to be a place where sacrifices were carried out, and the other version is that, this was an area for astrology.
The aggregate of this city along with Elamit civilization in the vicinity of Haft Tappeh, was demolished in 640 B.C. as a result of Assyrian conquests, under the command of ‘Ashur Banipal’, thence terminating the Elamit jurisdiction after a period of more than a millennium.
Back to topAhwaz_Iran_Nomads
Copyright: mehdi ghanavati

Ancient Cities and Archaeological Hills

Arjan Ancient City, Behbahan

The ancient city of Arjan is situated at a distance of 10 km. north of Behbahan. today, only hillocks from this city have remained which belong to the Sassanid period. Previously, this city used to have six gates which were named as, Ahwaz, Ray Shahr, Maidan, Kialin, Shiraz and Eazeh. The Hoomeh or Homayoon hill is the largest one in Arjan city.
The residential palace of Shah that today only the ruins of which have been remained and is reputed as “Saraye Malek”, is located to the southeast of Arjan city. Due to an unknown condition this city was demolished, and the current Behbahan city has been formed at its vicinity.
Back to top 

Barmi (Barmak) Hills, Ramhormoz
This hill lies to the south of Ramhormoz, near the village of Keymeh. In this hillock unscientific and illegal excavations have taken place. Articles such as statues of animals, designed earthenware etc. have also been discovered.
Back to top 
Behgovar City (Effects of Teshoon Plain), Behbahan
To the west of the Behbahan plains, amidst the small and scattered meadows, there are the ruins of ‘Behgovad’ or ‘Behgovaz’city which was used to extend 20 sq.km. in area.
Back to top 
Ahwaz
Copyright: mehdi ghanavati
Choqamish Hill, Dezful
Within a distance of 40 km. south east of Dezful a few clay hills have remained which are known as Choqamish. According to various studies and research work, it is believed that Choqamish Hill dates back to pre invention of calligraphy to about 34 centuries B.C.
The primitive culture of its inhabitants has been verified by means of their special method clay modeling and beautifully designed earthenware. This culture dates back to about 6000 years B.C.
Back to top 
Dastova Ancient City, Shooshtar
The ancient city of Dastova is located 3 km. south of Shooshtar, alongside the Dariyoon stream. According to evidences, Dastova city was constructed during the Parthian rule by ‘Shilhak Inshushinak’. But in the early Islamic era, this city became deserted and forlorn. The writer of the book ‘Al Ansab’ has mentioned the name of Dastova as, “A city in Khuzestan“, from which Dastova textiles have come.
Back to top 
Gotvand Village, Shooshtar
Gotvand, is the center of the Gotvand district in Shooshtar. The Karoon River flows from north to south of the same, and the Gotvand Dam has been constructed in the north upon this river. This region experiences a moderate and dry climate, and the most important religious vestiges here are, the Elamit Ziggurat temple, Rostam Castle, Moqam Ali, and the Shah Soleiman and Peer Ahmad Mausoleums.
Back to top 
Jondi Shapour Ancient City, Dezful
The ancient city of Jondi Shapour lies at a distance of 10 km. from Dezful, at the vicinity of Shah Abad village.
There is a strong possibility that Shahpour I was responsible for the construction of this city after his victory over Valerian. His descendant (7th generation) known as ‘Shapour Zol Akhtaf’, developed and expanded the city to a large one. Its university in its own time was of great repute throughout the world, and even in the last decades has been considered to be a great scientific center.
Back to top 
Kolgah Zarri Hill, Masjed Soleiman
The ancient hill of Kolgah Zarri is situated to the south of Masjed Soleiman city, in the vicinity of “Kolgah” region. This monument dates back to 3rd millennium B.C.
An engraving inscription about the Prophet Abraham (P.B.U.H), reveals the adherence of its inhabitants to the religion of this prophet at that time. This inscription is 6 m. in length and 4 m. in breadth which has been sculptured on a huge rock. In this area, relics from the Sassanid and Parthian periods have also been discovered, and during the Achaemenian age it was also considered vital.
Back to top 
Shoosh Hills (Shahr-e-Shahi), Shoosh
The eastern vicinity of the Shoosh hillocks is known as Shahr-e-Shahi. Numerous relics have been discovered here, relative to the Elamit, Achaemenian, Parthian, and Sassanid periods. Besides which the remnants of roads, passages and dwellings have also been discovered here. The discovered relics, instruments, tools and skulls reveals that the native inhabitants of this territory before migration of the Aryans had been scattered and dwelled in southern and central territories of Iran and established the Elamit rules and governments.
The method of constructions, burial of dead bodies, placing a stove in the center of room, etc., are examples of general life-style and other rituals of these people.
Back to top 
Other Ancient Cities and Archaeological Hills, Khuzestan
The Sassani Shami village in Eazeh, the Shahr-e-Sassani in Andimeshk, the ruins of Mokhtarak city in Ramhormoz, the ancient city of Asak (Kalat) in Hindijan and Salihak village in Behbahan. The other ancient an archaeological hills of Khuzestan province are, Haft Tappeh, Shoosh Hillocks (Shahr-e-San’atgaran) in Shoosh, Sood or Razini Hillock in Ramhormoz, and the ancient hillocks of Kalgir in Masjed Soleiman.
Back to top 

Castles and Forts

Acropol (Shoosh) Castle, Shoosh
The Acropol or Shoosh castle was constructed by a group of French archeologists in the year 1897 A.D. in the highest region of the city. The same is very similar to the Bastille in France. This castle has been constructed by Dezful artists and by means of bricks obtained from Darius Castle and some engraved bricks in the Kufic script from Choqazanbil. This castle was in the hands of the French authorities before the Islamic revolution, after which it was utilized as the archeological center of Shoosh.
Valuable and important relics such as the famous statue of Queen Napirasustoon, Hamurabi Code and famed buff earthenware glass of Shoosh with a wild goat drawing have been discovered from the Acropol Hill. It took a period of 15 years to build this structure which stood as a defense fort against the attack of local clans and tribes. During Iran-Iraq war this castle was under the bombardment of Iraqi troops, and later on came under re-construction and repair.
Back to top 
Arjan Castle, Behbahan
The Arjan Castle in Behbahan Township has been constructed at the top of Sanglakh Mountain stuck to a colossal slab of stone. Rain water was used to be collected in water reservoirs of this castle through this slab of stone. The structural architecture of towers is of roman style, i.e., cubic in shape. The castle has a comparatively large courtyard, with chambers in three floors having roman styled ceilings.
Back to top 
Bardi Castle, Masjed Soleiman
This castle is accounted as the first permanent settlement place for Parsee tribes, as well as the birthplace of Cyrus the Achaemenian. It is located in the Andika sector of Masjed Soleiman. The Bardi castle is a huge structure which was built during the Elamit period and made of large slabs of stones (without mortar). At present the untouched walls of the castle have been remained.
Back to top 
Dokhtar Castle, Ramhormoz
This castle is located to the north of Ramhormoz. The spherical structure denotes the style of Roman architecture. This castle was most probably constructed in the Sassanid reign for protection and safety of commercial, trade and military route between Shoosh, Vajar and Esfahan. Another theory is that the same was used to guard the treasury and palace of Ramhormoz, and Romans also participated in building this structure.
Back to top 
Rostam Gotvand Castle, Shooshtar
This castle is located to the north of Gotvand Village and was erected on the top of a hillock. The walls which have been constructed by cobbled stone with a mixture of gypsum and … have been remained. In the past, this castle was used for military purposes, and among local people it was known as Rostam Palace or Prison.
Back to top 
Simband (Taqa) Castle, Masjed Soleiman
The same is a little tower or turret with one room, located on a hill in a part of Andika in Masjed Soleiman. It was in this vicinity that the Elamit captured a number of Anzanis or (Bakhtiyari Tribes), and imprisoned them. From this point of view it is of great historical value.
Back to top 
Yazdgerd (Tashary) Castle, Ramhormoz
This castle is located near the village of Shurdin, in the township of Ramhormoz. Close to this vicinity is a rocky castle called ‘Zard Bordiyeh’, which has large and small crevices similar to pre-historic shelters. Besides which there are other numerous remnants such as, shelters of stone, dwellings, rooms, streets, troughs and a temple. Circular shaped castles are constructed on a foundation, and a water supply system can still be observed here.
Back to top 
Other Castles and Forts, Khuzestan
These are named as: The Shahpur Sassanid Castle, Salasel, the Rostam Aqili Castle in Shooshtar, the Tol Castle in Andimeshk, the Tork Dez Castle in Masjed Soleiman, the Khajeh Castle, Leit (Reyt) castle in Andika of Masjed Soleiman, the Dizeh Varaz Castle of Faramarz-e-Ashkani, the Ark or Arkh Castle, Qolla Golab, Gel va Dah Mard to the east of Sardasht, the Ancient Castle of Baba Saif to the east of the Hindijan road.
Back to top 

Palaces and Edifices 

Apadana (Darius) Palace, Shoosh
This palace was constructed by the order of Darius the Achaemenian on the top of Elamit hillocks and is known as Darius (Apadana) Palace. The walls of the palace are made of sun baked bricks with a brick worked facade, and the pillars are of stone. Apadana Palace consists of a pavilion, haramsara (a section for court ladies), gateway, entertainment hall and three central courtyards. The internal walls of the palace are adorned with engraved glazed bricks depicting the winged-lion guard soldiers and adorned by lotus flowers, the remnants of which are on display in local museums and those in abroad. A major portion of this palace caught on fire during the reign of Ardeshir I, (461 B.C.), and finally during the conquests of Alexander, the said palace along with other Achaemenian palaces were completely ruined.
Back to top 
Ivan-e-Karkheh Palace, Shoosh
This is a monument from the Sassanid period and is located 20 km. northwest of the ruined city of Shoosh. It is known as ‘Kut Karkheh’ or Ivan-e-Kharkheh Palace. A colossal rampart encloses the palace, and on each side there are entrances at regular intervals. To the east of the area, there is a ruined structure out of which only an arched ceiling made of brick has been remained. Previously it was supposed to be a spectacular glorious hall used for formal ceremonies of the court of Sassanid monarchs.
Back to top 
Sefeh-ye Sar Masjed, Masjed Soleiman
On the top of a hillock over looking a locality named “Sar Masjed”, relics of a palace or temple has remained which dates back to the 7th century B.C. Irregular polished rock stones, broken round pillars as well as arched ceilings are scattered in this area.
Back to top 
Shaoor (Ardeshir) Palace, Shoosh
The remnants of this palace are situated along the western banks of the Shaoor River, opposite the mausoleum of the Prophet Danial (P.B.U.H). This palace has a square shaped hall with lateral installations. The columns or pillars are made of stone, and its walls are of sun baked bricks. This palace was constructed during the reign of Ardeshir II, and was used as his residential palace as well as a seat of power.
Back to top 

Inscriptions and Epigraphs

Bard Engraving, Eazeh
In the Bard Nebeshteh Valley there is an irregular piece of stone present alongside the mountain. They are carved by excellent skilled artisans. The carvings show a tall man with abundant hair and a round cap, with a sword in his hand. To his right hand is a rider, and to his left a few human figures can also be observed.
Back to top 
Koobad Engraving, Eazeh
This engraving is carved on a rectangular rock with the dimension of 3×1.5 sq.m. in area. This tablet denotes five human figures with long robes, and with their hands on their chests. In front of these five people there is a figure of a man or woman with long robe, sitting on a platform and gazing at the other five figures. The local inhabitants believe that this epigraph designates a school.
Back to top 
Kool Farah Engraving, Eazeh
The same is situated at the end of Eazeh plains, and on its own way is an astonishing one. This engraving depicts the figure heads of the monarch, commander, men, women, captives and beasts such as cows, bison and sheep. It shows a form of worship or respect and the offering of gifts to the ruler. This engraving belongs to the Elamit seat of power before the birth of Christ, and accounts for one of the important and ancient evidences of the Khuzestan Province.
Back to top 
Tang-e-Sorook (Soolok) Engraving, Behbahan
The said engravings are 50 km. North West of Behbahan and are related to the Parthian period.
Back to top 
Tang-e-Takab Inscriptions, Behbahan
The same is located at a distance of 9 km. north of Behbahan. Not far from the entrance of the gorge, there are a few inscriptions in simple Nasta’liq script engraved on rocks. The first inscription is four-sided and reveals the endeavors of the Behbahan governor (ruler) during the reign of Naseredin Shah. The other inscription is triangular in shape and designates the method of cultivation of the lotus flower in the outskirts of the city and a few other areas.
Back to top 
Other Inscriptions and Engravingss, Khuzestan
Other epigraphs or engravings in the province are named as, Jong-e-Ajdal or Ajdar, Sossan’s statue and the inscriptions of Hani inEazeh, belong to the Elamit era.
Back to top 

Tombs

Bara’-ebne Malek Tomb, Shooshtar
The same lies to the north of Shooshtar. It is opposite the Salasel Castle, and is one of the oldest tombs of the Islamic period in Iran. Bara’-ebne-Malek Ansari was one of the disciples of the Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H). Bara’-ebne-Malek was martyred during the conquest of Shooshtar in the year 17 or 18 A.H. by Hormozan the ruler of Khuzestan.
Within the mausoleum is a wooden painted sepulcher with a simple grave. The main chamber of the mausoleum is in the upper section, on which a circular structure is erected. Inside the mausoleum and the internal dome is constructed according to the Safavid architecture. The external facade of mausoleum displays a fine piece of plaster work and paintings. It is adorned by beautiful tile works and inscriptions. Eight windows with roman style crescent shaped arches have been placed at regular intervals between the inscriptions.
Back to top 
Haft Shahidan Mausoleum, Masjed Soleiman
This mausoleum is in the midst of the Haft Shahidan Village graveyard. It has a tile worked dome with sacred versus of “Ya Allah”, “Ya Mohammad” and “Ya Ali” inscribed around it. These effects and the original structure of the mausoleum are from the Qajar period.
The mausoleum has a square courtyard with porches and chambers around it. To the exterior side of the structure an inscription worked in black and white tiles has been affixed to the portal. This mausoleum is the tomb of the seven Sadats or those being the descendants of the Prophet Mohammed. The architecture of main structure belongs to the Qajar period.
Back to top 
Khezr Mausoleum, Shooshtar
This mausoleum is situated in Shooshtar, and comprises of two court-yards, the mausoleum and its porches. Upon a red colored stone arch the date of 762 A.H. can be observed. The mausoleum in the lower section is tetragonal while at the upper section is octagonal. The ceilings under the dome have four conical apertures according to Saljuqi architecture. In the other court-yard is a mausoleum with a small door, an octagonal dome and beautiful plaster work of the Saljuqi era. On the ceilings of one of the porches there is a poem written on plaster with beautiful calligraphy on which the date of 1248 A.H. is seen.
Back to top 
Saheb-ol Zaman Cemetery, Shooshtar
The said mausoleum stands to the east of Dezful, and comprises of the sepulcher, porches and two storied buildings. On the structure is a twelve paneled dome. The mode of architecture of the under dome structure relates to the 9th century A.H. The southern entrance has a stairway which was used by the elite, and is adorned with arches.
The original structure of the mausoleum was constructed during the Teimoorid period. It has been mentioned in records that this mausoleum is the resting abode of a descendant of the seventh Imam of the Shiite sect, i.e., fourteen generations later.
Back to top 

Historical Bridges, Caravansaries and Gorges

Ab-e-Shoor (Av-e-soor) Bridge, Dezful
The remnants of this ancient Sassanid Bridge are located on one of the branches of the Karoon River in the city of Dezful. The lofty and strong foundation of this bridge is a stunning sight. This bridge was built under the orders of Lady Kharaza, the mother of Ardeshir Babakan.
Back to top 
Dezful Caravansary, Dezful
In the city of Dezful, remnant of some semi-ruined caravansaries which most probably belong to Safavid era and the rule of “Vakhashtu Khan” exist. There are two ancient caravansaries that are nowaday used by traders and salesmen. They are known as Afzal and Qandi caravansaries.
Back to top 
Dezful Old Bridge, Dezful
The old Dezful Bridge was constructed during the Sassanid era, and accounts for one of the ancient bridges in the world. At present this bridge connects Dezful and Andimeshk cities. It has been repaired several times during the reign of Azedodowleh daylami, the Safavid, Qajar and early Pahlavi periods. The bridge currently has four large arches, and between every two of these is a smaller arch. Near the bridge, remnants of ancient mills can be observed.
Back to top 
Karkheh River Bridge, Dehloran Road, Shoosh
This bridge is also known as the old Karkheh Bridge or Naderi Bridge. It is located in Dehloran Road, to the north of the new steel bridge. The ancient bridge was constructed of stone, mortar and slabs of sculptured stone. The remnants of which are an arch and a pillar. There is a link between this bridge and the relics of Ivan-e-Karkheh Palace, thence of high historical and tourism value.
Back to top 
Kasra Bridge, Behbahan
This bridge is a relic of Sassanid period, and was constructed on the Taab River en route from Behbahan to Imamzadeh Ja’far. Nowaday in summer, with depression of water surface level of the river, the remnants of this bridge can be observed.
Back to top 
Pol-e-Dokhtar Arjan Bridge, Behbahan
There are remnants of a bridge and dam on Taab River in the district of Arjan of Behbahan Township. It is similar to the great bridge of Shooshtar, but in smaller dimensions. To the south corner, there are evidences of four pillars and a part of dam. To the north corner of this relic are also the remnants of four wells dug in stones along with a water supply system.
Back to top 
Saolak Gorge, Masjed Soleiman
The Saolak Gorge lies in the central portion of the Masjed Soleiman Township. In this gorge there are drawings of a goddess or a Magus (Magi), in front of whom fifteen people lined up in two rows. They have conical caps with abundant hair. There is also another drawing in this vicinity depicting a rider armed with a bow and arrow, and battling against a beast resembling a bear. This effect is related to the Parthian period.
Back to top 
Shadravan Bridge, Shooshtar
The Shadravan Bridge runs parallel to the newly constructed bridge located on the Shooshtar – Dezful Road. This ancient bridge is a relic of Sassanid period (Shahpour I). One of the conditions that Kaiser of Rome and his soldiers could be set free was the construction of Shadravan Bridge, and this condition was agreed to by the emperor. When the construction of bridge was finished, Shapour released the order to set free the Kaiser of Rome and his soldiers and they returned back to their country. Sixteen arches of this bridge have remained. The Shadravan Bridge has been built of cobbled stone and mortar.
Back to top 
Shooshtar Caravansaries, Shooshtar
In the past the customs office of Khuzestan was located in Shooshtar city, thus prompting the establishment of caravansaries in this area. Of which the Hashemi and Abrisham Kari Caravansaries located in the center of the city are worth mentioning. The atmosphere of these caravansaries is suitable for traditional tea houses and restaurants.
Back to top 
Tak Ab Gorge, Behbahan
The Tak Ab Gorge is located 20 km. northeast of Behbahan, and is also known as ‘Darband-e-Pars’. In the natural terrain of this gorge, parts of the gravel walk or flagstones (for the royalty) from the Achaemenian era have been remained. On the top of Khaviz Mountain and at the highest point of gorge, there are two engravings of prose and poetry from the Qajar period. There had also been another epigraph consisting of seven lines in the ‘Kufic’ script which was unfortunately destroyed in explosion for the construction of the Maroon Dam.
Back to top 
Other Old Bridges, Khuzestan
The rest of the old bridges of the Khuzestan Province are as follows: The Lashkar Bridge, the Sassanid Band Gerger Bridge inShooshtar, the Haj Khodaie, Sassanid or Arjan Bridges and Bandbekan Bridges in Behbahan, the Negin and Bard Qomchi Bridges in Andika of Masjed Soleiman, the Safavid Nafas Kesh or the Shah Ali Bridge in Shooshtar.
Back to top 

Old and Historical Houses

Moeinol Tojar House, Shooshtar
In ‘Dar-e-Abbas’ locality of Shooshtar, there is a comparatively old house that till the year 1970 was utilized as a school (the Ardeshir School). The peripheral stone and plaster work of windows are spectacularly interesting which display the delicate craftsmanship of the Qajar period.
Back to top 
Mostowfi House, Shooshtar
This edifice is related to the late Qajar period. From its garden the Shateit River and its surroundings can be observed. The walls and ceilings of this house have been decorated by brick work. Its large shabestan (nocturnal praying area) has fine and beautiful brick made pillars. This house will be converted into a museum, in order to display vestiges discovered in Shooshtar.
Back to top 
Other Old Houses, Khuzestan
Other old houses in the province are named as, The Haj Mon’em, Amin-ol-Tojar (Amin Zadeh), Afzal and Douraqi houses inShooshtar.
Back to top 

Old Bazaars

Shooshtar Bazaar, Shooshtar
The ancient bazaar of Shooshtar is known as Qeisariyeh. Construction of this bazaar dates back to the times when Kaiser of Rome was captive in the hands of Shahpour Sassanid. Its architectural structure is cross shaped. It is a covered bazaar with some sutures for the passage of light. In the past, each of the six gateways of the city terminated to bazaar and city center. In 1950 this bazaar was demolished due to main street construction in the city. The present name of this street is “Taleqani”, in which the new, as well as Qeisariyeh Bazaars are located.
Back to top 

Mills

Ra’na and Golegah Old Mills, Dezful
This vestige is located in the west of Dezful, alongside the Dez River. Around this place various roman arches, walls made of stone and mortar along with large and small chambers in a state of ruin and can be observed. The Golegah Mills situated at a distance of 300 m. from the Balarood Dam, and is a relic of the Sassanid era.
Back to top 
Sika Water Mills, Shooshtar
One of the oldest and most beautiful structures of Shooshtar is the Sika Water Mills. It is an area with small rooms and narrow corridors, alongside which streams of water canals are observed. It has outlets to the Gerger River. In these mills the high pressure of water current from up to down, move the wheels for grinding the wheat. In summers a pleasant drizzling wind blowing in the Sika rooms which creates a cool recreational place for people of Shooshtar.
Back to top 

Historical Caves

Eshkoft Salman Cave, Eazeh
The same is located at a distance of 3 km. from the current city of Eazeh. Eshkoft Salman is a cave within a natural rock, which has a spring with clear and sweet water that extrudes out through another smaller and narrower cave. To the right and opposite the Eshkoft Salman, there are two embossed profiles within two square engraved hollow surfaces.
A lighted brazier is displayed in front of them that reaches their knees. To the east of these two profiles, there is a large crevice over which the mountain has been curved, and formed a shelter. Below this, on surface of the mountain there is a rectangular epigraph with the Cuneiform script and a few engravings. Under this inscription, which is placed at high level, is a seat or throne. There is a possibility that this could also be an area for performing special rituals.
Back to top 
Kohnab (Eshkoft Kohnab) Cave, Masjed Soleiman
This cave extends from Tang Anbar-e-Sefid Lali, (in the district of Lali) in Masjed Soleiman and terminates in the vicinity of Cholvar. This area is an interesting site regarding the archeological studies as well as for sight seeing.
Back to top 

Historical Graveyards

Sassanid Hormoz Grave, Ramhormoz
This tomb or grave is located in one of main streets of Ramhormoz city in the midst of a garden. According to the statement of people, this tomb belongs to Hormoz Sassanid, the founder of Ramhormoz city. Within a short distance is the tomb of Imamzadeh Bibi Seeni, which is a place of pilgrimage that may remind us of Bibi Sassanid.
Back to top 
Shami Graveyard, Eazeh
The same is located in Shami village, north of Eazeh. In this vicinity a large number of tombs resembling those belonging to the Sassanid period are observed. Unfortunately they have been illegally excavated. Relics and statues discovered in this area, speak of a much older civilization.
Back to top 
Zoroastrian Graveyard, Ahvaz
In the eastern mountainous region of Ahwaz, there are some engraved crypts right in the heart of mountain, which was supposed to be the burial place for Zoroastrians of Ahwaz in the pre-Islamic era. The present appearance and condition of crypts reveals that these places probably used to be temples, and later on became a burial place or graveyard.
Back to top 

Other Historical Monuments

Kheraf Khaneh, Shooshtar
Kheraf Khaneh comprises of a series of crypts which have been made within the rocks on the outskirts of the city. There is a strong possibility that these crypts used to belong to Zoroastrians of the Medes and Parthian eras. According to public opinion, when in past the families were unable to take care of their elders, they used to keep them in these crypts, bringing them food and water at intervals of few day so that they spent the rest of their lives there, till death.
Back to top 
Other Historical Monuments, Khuzestan
These are called, Tow Ashiqoon (Ottaq-e-Ashiqan) and Kolah Farangi in Shooshtar, Taq-e-Nosrat-e-Sassani and Hormoz Sassani Tomb in Ramhormoz.
Back to top 

Religious Monuments

Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzadehs

Old Mosques

Dezful Jame’ Mosque, Dezful
The Jame’ Mosque of Dezful is situated in the central square of the city and is a remnant of the 3rd or 4th century A.H. The same has been repeatedly undergone repairs in 7th, 9th and 11th and recent centuries A.H., which has resulted in its expansion. The structure of the mosque comprises of the main entrance, porches, a vast courtyard and nocturnal areas (Shabestans) to the south and east.
The mosque has four small entrances, three of which are blocked. The North West facade is a remnant of the 12th century A.H. and is adorned with arches and tile works. The main part of the current mosque is its pillared nocturnal area to the south. The ceiling and brick dome of this Shabestan is erected on stone pillars. The eastern porch is a construction of the Safavid era, while the nocturnal area of the mosque is its oldest segment. On the northern and western side walls of the mosque the dates of 13th and 14th centuries A.H. have been designated.
Back to top 
Molla Ali Shah Mosque, Dezful
This mosque is near the chamber of Aqa Mir in Dezful. Its entrance had tile works, the pattern of which has been disrupted in later repairs. The fringes of the adytum have been worked in a spiral design, and the internal pattern is plaster work which relates to the Safavid era. The fringe of adytum is ornamented by flower, wheat and cypress tree designs.
Back to top 
Shoosh Mosque, Shoosh
The remnants of this structure are located on the ancient Shoosh hillock. This mosque consisted of a nocturnal area, with column, a central courtyard and an outer enclosure. The walls were made of sun baked bricks. It also had a large pillared hall, and brick worked inscriptions in the Kufic script and were discovered from the south eastern part of the courtyard. To the eastern corner of the mosque there is the remnant of a minaret with a spiral stairway. Professor Grishman believes that this mosque belongs to the first century A.H.
Back to top 
Shooshtar Jame’ Mosque, Shooshtar
This mosque is located in west of Shooshtar, and is a remnant of the early Islamic period. It was constructed by one of the Abbassid caliphates. The same was repaired during the Safavid era. The current structure of the mosque comprises of a large nocturnal area (shabestan), a vast court-yard and minarets to the east. The nocturnal area has pillars and is covered with a domed ceiling. In the middle of southern side of the nocturnal area is an adytum with plaster works of Safavid style. On the other side inscriptions and plaster engravings along with decrees of royalty can also be noted.
On the external doorway to this area, which is adorned with arches and decorative brick works there are two inscriptions on stone with sacred versus of the Holy Qoran. In the eastern side of the mosque is a remnant of a beautiful minaret dating back to the 8th century A.H., which is intricately worked and inscribed with sacred versus of “Allah”, “Mohammad”, “Ali”. This minaret has been repaired recently, and is registered on records.
Back to top 
Other Old Mosques, Khuzestan
Other ancient mosques of Khuzestan province are, Bokan Jame’ Mosque in Behbahan, a relic of the first century A.H. The Sheikh Mosque in Shooshtar, the Lab Khandan and the Bazar-e-Kohneh Mosques in Dezful, the Imamzadeh Heydar and Omar Mosques in Behbahan, the Sheikh Esmail and Sheikh Mo’azi Mosques in Dezful, the Hassan Shooshtar, Sultan Mehrab, Shah Safi, Seyed Naseredin, Seyed Mohammad Mahro and Hossain Mosques in Shooshtar.
Back to top 

Mausoleums and Imamzadehs

Danial-e-Nabi Mausoleum, Shoosh
The same is located on the eastern banks of the Shoor River. This mausoleum is the resting abode of one of the prophets of the Israelites. This mausoleum has two courtyards, which are surrounded with chambers and porches. The mausoleum is located at the end of the second courtyard, which has rooms in three side of courtyard for a nights stay of pilgrims.
In this mausoleum, the sepulcher below the tomb is an old yellow colored stone devoid of any inscriptions. The ceiling of the mausoleum has beautiful mirror works with light apertures on eight sides under the dome. The foundations of the mausoleum are old but thick and strong. The upper section of eastern side of mausoleum is adorned with tile works. The dome of Danial-e-Nabi is a multi-sided, hexagonal in shape erected on a circular base.
Back to top 
Imamzadeh Abdollah, Shooshtar  
This tomb is located on an elevation in the south of Shooshtar, around which is an old cemetery. Its stone entrance is related to the Safavid era. The tall portal has two minarets on either side and these are adorned with tile work.
This Imamzadeh also has a quaint wooden door which dates to 1035 A.H. Its domed ceiling is adorned with flower patterns related to the Qajar period, and its brass sepulcher is a relic from the reign of Naseredin Shah Qajar. The current structure of the mausoleum is the effect of Mehdi Ali Khan, the governor of Shooshtar during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid in the year 1002 A.H. The said Imamzadeh is related to the fourth Imam of the Shiite sect.
Back to top 
Imamzadeh Shah Mir Ali Hossein, Behbahan    
The said is situated to the south of Behbahan. The portal leading to the area of the tomb, has three inscriptions on each side. In the older section are inscriptions dating 1053 A.H. coinciding with the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid II.
Back to top 
Other Mausoleums and   Imamzadehs, Khuzestan 
Other ancient Imamzadehs in the province are, Imamzadeh Abazar in Behbahan, Imamzadeh Seyed Hassan in Shooshtar, Imam Reza Deymi Mausoleum in Shooshtar, Abu Danial Mausoleum in Dezful, Peer Ishaq Masuloeum in Haft Tappeh of Dezful, Peer Roban Mausoleum in Dezful, Seyed Mohammad Giahkhar, Seyed Mohammad Mahro and Shah Abol Hassan/Shah Mard Mausoleums in Shooshtar, Shah Abol Qasem Mausoleum in Masjed Soleiman, Abbas Ali/Abbas Azim Mausoleum in Dezful, Baba Zeid Gilani Mausoleum in Masjed Soleiman, Imamzadeh Shahsavar Ibrahim in Eazeh, Imamzadehs Aqa Barakat and Anbar and Sa’dat Lali in Masjed Soleiman, Seyed Hassan Zahidan Mausoleum inRamhormoz and Peer Shoja’ Mausoleum in Shoosh, etc.
Back to top 
 

Natural Attractions

Rivers
Lakes, Dams and Wetlands
Protected Zones
Springs
Forests and Valleys
Mountain and Summits

Rivers

Arvand Rood River, Khorram Shahr
The Arvand Rood River flows in the townships of Khorram ShahrAbadan and to the west of the Minoo Island, as well as on the borders of Iran and Iraq. This river is known as the Shat-ol-Arab in Iraq and has been formed by meeting two rivers of Tigris and Euphrates. These join at a place called Qarneh, 110 km. southwest of Abadan and flow alongside the city of Basra.
After following a long course, and flowing through Khorram Shahr and Abadan, it ultimately reaches the Persian Gulf. In this river shipping is possible and the surrounding area is furthermore an interesting sight.
Back to top 
Jarahi River, Behbahan
The Jarahi River flows through the townships of Kohkiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad, BehbahanRamhormoz and Mah Shahr. It originates from the mountains of Rah Barik, Sefid and Golgilak, 53 km. northwest of Yasooj. After following a long course, and joining to various rivers, under the name of Maroon, enters the township of Behbahan and then Agajari village.
This river after crossing south of the Ramhormoz Township and Ramsheer city, with the name of the Jarahi River, enters the township of Mah Shahr and finally flows into the Persian Gulf.
Back to top 
Karkheh River, Khuzestan
The Karkheh River, is the third widest river in Iran after the Karoon and Sefid Rood Rivers. It originates from watersheds of southeast Kermanshah, and after flowing a long distance and adjoining other tributaries under the name of “Qarah Soo” River along its course intermingles with “Tang Kenesht” and “Gamasiyab” Rivers, and gushing through the valley between “Galleh” and “Kooh Sefid” Mountains in the west, flows towards the south. At this point, it joins the “Gashani” River, and forms Seimareh River.
Seimareh River enters Khorram Abad after flowing a long distance and adjoining various rivers. The Seimareh River crosses the “Shir Qoreh”, “Howl”,”Qal’eh Sam” and “Papeleh” Mountains and enters the Province of Ilam. Over here at first it adjoins the “Chardavol” River and after crossing a narrow and zigzag valley of “Kooh Gavar” and “Lareh” Mountains, diverts towards the south. Thereafter, it passes by many rural areas, and after adjoining a number of rivers, it intermingles with the Ab-e-Fath River. Through the territory of “Qallah Sooreh” gains access to the Sorkheh village in the township of Dezful. On crossing the “Sorkheh-e-Naderi”, it enters a wide area, and a branch of it under the name of “Shavoor” segregates and flows towards the city of Shoosh.
The main river of Kharkheh, on joining the Roofayeh River, passes by Shoosh at a distance of 2 km., and after crossing a region called “Lahyozar”, 36 km. northwest of Ahwaz, diverges towards the southwest. Where it flows alongside the Hamidiyeh city and enters the rural areas of Dasht-e-Azadegan Township. Thereafter it enters “Dabestan” area and dividing into various branches it enters”Hoor-ol-Azim”. It overflows in the rainy seasons and terminates to the Tigris River. The course of this river right from the beginning to the end is astonishing and interesting.
Back to top 
Karoon River, Khuzestan
The Karoon River, is one of the longest and most saturated rivers of Iran. It originates from the springs present in the skirts of the Vank and Zard Kooh Mountains in the village of Shurab, 91 km. from Shahr-e- Kord. With the name of Ab-e-Koohrang, it flows along the western valley of the Zard Kooh Mountains towards the south west. Entering into the Koohrang Dam Lake, a part of the water is channeled through a tunnel in the mountains, to the source of the Zayandeh Rood River, and another part, crosses the dam, and after following a long distance in the western valley of the Zard Kooh Mountains, and before entering Khuzestan, joins the Khersan River.
After which it flows through a part of the village of Mian Kooh and leaves the Province of Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiyari and enters the Khuzestan Province. At this point a few minor tributaries join it, and continues in a north eastern direction entering the village of Sosan, and the eastern valley of the Lander Mountains making its way to the northern valley of the Gozir Mountains after following a long and meandering course. On continuation of its course, the Karoon is joined by various tributaries, at 8 km. North West of Shooshtar it joins the Shoor River and after crossing this vicinity, it divides into two.
The western branch after joining the Huram River, rejoins the said in Qir. It is at this point that it intermingles with the Dez River (the most important and largest branch of Karoon river), and continuing a long course it flows towards Ahwaz. On entering Khorram Shahr, to the east, it divides into two. The western branch called Bahman Sheer flows towards south west and through Khormosi reaches the Persian Gulf. The eastern branch in the south of Khorram Shahr enters the Arvand Rood River. Just like the Karkheh River, Karoon also follows a spectacular interesting course.
Back to top 
Zohreh River, Behbahan
The Zohreh River is flown in the townships of Mamasani (Fars Province), Behbahan, Gachsaran and Mah Shahr. Its length is 490 km. and its height from the source is 2,850 m. This river originates from northwest of Ardakan, and passing a long course, enters the townships of Mamasani and Gachsaran under the name of Zohreh River.
After flowing through the township of Behbahan, it joins the Kheir Abad River, and finally at 36 km. to the southwest of Hindijan, flows into the Persian Gulf. The surrounding mountains, valleys, farms and gardens en route are wonderful and interesting.
Back to top 
Other Rivers, Khuzestan
These rivers are as follows: Khur, Nahr Bahreh, Nahr Gahi and Shahur in the township of Ahwaz; Ab-e-Sar-e-Howz, Ab Sosan, Ab Shalla, Abol Abbas, A’lla, Seidoon, Ab Sosan and Morq Ab in the township of Eazeh; Ab Beed, Ab Dez, Ab Zaleki, Ab Cham Choli, Ab Sorkh, Ab Mamak, Ab Meereh, Sorkhab, Rufayeh, Golal Lab Sefid, Golal Moort, Leus, Bakhtiari, Shurlali and Golal in Dezful; Abol Fares, Ab Dareh Naj, Talkh, Dim Kharkan, Soleimani, Gozin, Gopal, Maroon, Sameh, Soordez Gili, Maleh, Ramhormoz and Lir Ab in Ramhormoz; Ab Berkeh, Ab Kiaras and Ab-e-Shoor in Masjed Soleiman; the Nahr-e-Shadegan River in Khorram Shahr.
Back to top 

Lakes, Dams and Wetlands

Balarood Dam, Dezful 
The same is a relic from the Sassanid period and was constructed on the Dezful River (a tributary of Dez River). The relic consists of a large room and two smaller rooms with their foundation pillars in water. It is made of stone, brick and a mixture of gypsum and ash.
Back to top 
Borj-e-Ayar Dam, Shooshtar
This dam has been constructed on Gerger River, and is also known as Sabi Kesh Dam. Borj-e-Ayar was the name of a vessel which was used to store jewels and gold. This dam has constructions and facilities in both sides of the Gerger River which have been used for the deviation of water.
Back to top 
Dez Dam Lake, Dezful 
This dam is 203 m. in height and is considered to be the highest dam in the Middle East and ranks the sixth highest dam in the world. It is constructed on Dez River at a distance of 15 km. to the north of Dezful city. The lake of this huge dam provides a great scope for tourism exploitation and water sports facilities besides its beautiful landscape and sight-seeing areas.
Back to top 
Hoor Mazra’eh Wetland, Dezful
The Mazra’eh Wetland lies between the two Dez and Karkheh Rivers (south of Dezful) and part of Shavoor River flows into it. The water obtained from this vicinity is used for agricultural purposes by the inhabitants, mainly the tribal farmers. A special quality of rice, known as Hoveyzeh is cultivated here.
Back to top 
Hoor-ol-Azim Wetland, Sosangerd, Ahvaz
The length of this wetland is 100 km. and its width ranges from 15 to 75 km. It is limited from west by the Tigris River. Throughout, the Hoor is covered by reeds. The depth of the water towards the sides is shallow while in the center it is more than 7 m. Special canoes can be used in this wetland. The nature of Hoor and specially the surrounding inhabitants are of anthropological interest.
Back to top 
Hoor-ol-Doraq Wetland, Shadegan
This is a comparatively vast wetland which lies in the south western territories of Khuzestan. Crossing Shadegan, theJarahi River adjoins this wetland. Birds, reeds, papyrus and salt are found here. A kind of herb which favors humidity and locally is known as “Cholan” grows here and is utilized by the natives of Hoor.
Back to top 
Karkheh Dam, Dezful
This dam is constructed across the Karkheh River and ranks as a deviating dam. The length of the dam is 192 m. and reaches a height of 9 m. Also, around this lake is a vast recreational site
Back to top 
Karoon Dam, Masjed Soleiman
This dam, also known as the Shahid Abbaspour Dam, is constructed on Karoon River and located to the northeast of Masjed Soleiman. The dam is 200 m. in height and its crown is 380 m. in length. The lake forms an excellent area for water sports and tourism exploitations.
Back to top 
Khalil Khan Dam, Masjed Soleiman
This old dam is situated in the district of Lali in the township of Masjed Soleiman. The same is constructed on a river formed in the spring season that flows from the Imamzadeh Baba Ahmad Pass. The ruins of this ancient dam are still present.
Back to top 
Khoda Afarin Dam, Shooshtar
The said dam also known as Mahi Bazan Dam, and has been constructed on Gerger River. The same is a wonder piece of Sassanid dam construction, which is an interesting site to visit.
Back to top 
Mizan (Valerian) Dam, Shooshtar
Mizan or Shapour Dam is a relic of Sassanid era and divides the Karoon River into western and eastern sections. This dam is semi-circular in shape with two diverting arms or prolongations which deviates a part of the Karoon water to flow along the eastern region known as the Gerger River, and the other along western region of the city known as Shateit River. These two water ways in the south of Shooshtar rejoin again in the Band-e-Qir region to form the great Karoon.
After the Borj Ayar Bridge many waterfalls have been naturally formed extruding the rocks upon the Gerger River. It is said that Valerian the emperor of Rome constructed this bridge. Materials used in the construction are various kinds of stone, and the arch has been designed in an intricate and spectacular form. This dam is approximately 521 m. in length. It has gone under repair during the Qajar period. The same is also reputedly known as the Khaqan Dam.
Back to top 
Shadegan Wetland, Shadegan
Shadegan wetland extends over an area of 296,000 hectares, and its surface is covered by great varieties of vegetations. It creates a suitable habitat for a number of migrating waterfowls, which fly to this area from north Europe, Canada and Siberia in autumn. In this wetland there are different fish varieties which live in salt and sweet-water. This vicinity is a habitat and breeding ground for the ‘Marbled Teal’   in the world, and rare bird species such as the ‘Spotted Curlew’ and the ‘African Glossy Ibis’, are also found in the surroundings of this wetland.
Generally speaking, this vicinity can be accounted as a habitat for one-third of the animal and herbal species that are on the verge of extinction.
Back to top 
Other Lakes and Dams, Khuzestan
Other historical dams of Khuzestan Province are, Dara, Dokhtar, Qir and Khak Dams in Shooshtar which are relics of the Sassanid period.
Back to top 

Protected Zones

Protected Wildlife Zones, Khuzestan
Besides the natural relief like the snow capped mountains to the north and east, and the warm low-lying plains, the banks of the lakes, wetlands and the beautiful coastal area of the Persian Gulf, have all contributed for creation of wildlife habitat. Karkheh has been recognized as one of the four natural areas in the country which is of great value regarding the environmental protection basis.
The wildlife area of Karkheh extends from the Sorkheh Village, located to the south of Andimeshk – Dehloran Road, up to the Khalaf Village, placed to the north of Hamidiyeh and Ahwaz. It is accounted as one of the most important natural wild life habitat, and the famous species of this region is the Iranian reign deer or yellow deer (Iranian follow deer). The Karkheh wild life habitat covers an area of 13,000 hectares.
The animal species of Khuzestan Province specially those found in wild life habitat of Karkheh are named as follows: geese, heron, duck, francolin, bustard, dull yellow partridge, partridge, turtle dove, starling, raven, leopard, deer, boar, rat, squirrel, porcupine, wild goat, wild sheep etc. which are unique in their combination with environment and nature.
Back to top 

Springs

Dehloran Mineral Water Spring, Andimeshk
This spring is located at a distance of 120 km. on the Andimeshk – Dehloran Road. Its mineral content is of a calcium bi-carbonate composition and is useful in the treatment of skin, joint and rheumatoid disorders.
Back to top 
Ein Khosh Spring, Andimeshk
The said spring is located at a distance of 13 km. on the Andimeshk – Ahwaz Road. Its mineral content is of a calcium bi-carbonate composition. It has therapeutic effects on rheumatoid and joint disorders.
Back to top 
Gorab Mineral Water Spring, Shooshtar
At the vicinity of Shooshtar there are a number of mineral water springs, out of which the mineral water spring of Gorab Village is famous. This vicinity was held sacred. People who have suffered from any pain used to gather here. The water is useful for treating skin diseases, eczema and infectious wounds. In this area, crypts from the Elamit period, earthenware from the third and second centuries B.C. have been discovered in the surrounding hillocks. There is also a tomb known as Peer Abbas, located here.
Back to top 
Other Springs, Khuzestan
These are named as, the Si Zangar Spring in Shooshtar; the spring of Golgir in Masjed Soleiman.
Back to top 

Forests and Valleys

Forests and Plains, Khuzestan
To the south and west of Khuzestan Province there is a vast plain area which is expanded on the decaying surface of young residues belonging to Tertiary period. Most of these plains have been made of alluviums of the KaroonKarkheh and JarahiRivers. This plain with a gradual slope extends towards the south up to the Persian Gulf. To its extreme north is Dezful and to the south there are flat and low plains formed by flow and ebbing of the tide.
Due to versatile climate and type of soil, some regions in Khuzestan are covered by scanty forests. The skirt of the Solak Mountain is covered by large chestnut and wild almond forests. A large forest is formed in the Karkheh River banks, which consists of bushes of large trees.
In the rainy season which is from early November till mid April a great variety of vegetation grow. In humid areas mushrooms, lichens and moss thrive. In the Bakhtiyari heights, the vegetation covering is used for feeding herds. To the north and northeast the vegetation is in a steppe form, with fig, wild almonds, chestnut and oak trees, etc.
Back to top 

Altitudes and Summits

Bardeh Nakhsh Mountain, Eazeh
The Bardeh Nakhsh Mountains reach an elevation of 2,250 m. and is situated 24 km. north of Eazeh.
Back to top 
Doto Mountain, Eazeh 
The forest mountain of Doto is located to the southeast of Eazeh and rises to a height of approximately 3,170 m. This mountain joins Mount Kalleh from the south and Mount Lirab from the north. The eastern skirts of this mountain join the Sirab Valley, and its western skirts adjoin the Seidoon Valley. On the western skirts, there is a small lake and spring. The mountain slopes are covered with forests, and are considered to be a part of Mongasht Mountain which is a part of the Zagross Mountain Ranges.
Back to top 
Eshkeft Deraz Mountain, Behbahan
The Eshkeft Deraz Mountain lies 34 km. northwest of Behbahan with an elevation of 2,330 m. The Qallat River originates from here. This mountain spans from the northwest towards southeast and a part of which is densely covered with chestnut forests.
Back to top 
Mohreh Mountain, Ramhormoz
The Mohreh Mountain is located to the southeast of Ramhormoz with an elevation of about 2,849 m. The Talkh River originates from this place. This mountain joins Mount Tonbalan from the northwest, Mount Chadun from the south and Mount Siyah Kooh from southeast. It is a part of the Sefid Kooh Range which belongs to the Zagross Mountain Ranges. This densely forested region is on the borders of Ramhormoz, Eazeh and Kohkiluyeh townships.
Back to top 
Mongasht (Mangasht) Mountain, Eazeh
A part of the mountainous region of Mongasht is located in the township of Eazeh which has very high mountains. It is considered to be one of the longest semi branches of the Zagross Mountain Ranges. The highest peak in this area is 3,613 m. and is located at a distance of 55 km. southeast of Eazeh. The Hallaijan, Ab Zardak and Seidoon Rivers originate from the western skirts, the Lirat and Someh Rivers originate from southern slopes and three branches of the Khersan andKaroon Rivers also originate from the eastern skirts of this mountain range. A large portion of this mountain is covered by dense forests, and at the end of which a pool is formed the dimensions of 2.5 x 2.5 m. called ‘Bundan’.
Back to top 
Sefidune Mountain, Masjed Soleiman
This mountain reaches an elevation of 2,776 m. and is situated in the Andika Village in Masjed Soleiman. The Talluk, Poolkool and Ab Shiroon Rivers originate form the skirts of this mountain. The Sefidune Mountain is connected to Mount Zangab from the north and to Mount Monar from the southeast.
Back to top 
Shahrood Mountain, Dezful
The Shahrood Mountain is located in Mian Kooh Village of Dezful and is 2,550 m. in height. The Shahrood and Shast Mahro Rivers originate from here. This mountain joins Mount Gooshtoon from the south and Mount Birenj from the north.
Back to top 
Other Altitudes and Summits, Khuzestan    
These are named as: The Tappeh Foolie, Kharaf Khoon, Khanrireh, Sarbal, Mishdakh Mountains etc. in Ahwaz; the Aram, Ahangari, Badrangan, Chella, Zarin Kooh, Saam, Gilan, Seh Paran, Soltan Ebrahim Mountains etc. in Eazeh; the Band Golal, Paznan, Sheebkar, Arboon, Qal’eh Ahmad and Mahmood Mountains etc. in Behbahan; the Beesheh Bozan, Kiga, Eskandar-e-Khandan, Pallangan, Nissarulleh, Noudar, Ab Soor Kalli Mountains etc. in Dezful; the Tonballan, Qal’eh Najaf, Dasht-e-Kallat Mountains etc. in Ramhormoz; the Ab Anbar, Pir Ahmad, Tal, Gach, Golak, Haft Cheshmeh Mountains etc. inShooshtar; the Asmari, Anbar Asbi, Baba Zahed, Tal-e-Gavi, Chal Maidan, Gach Narges, Nounar, Abu Rastan Mountains etc. in Masjed Soleiman.
Back to top 
 

Culture & Art

Museums
Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

Museums

Abadan Museum, Abadan
The said museum is located in Ahmad Abad Avenue of Abadan. It is a single storied building with a dome similar to that of the Danial-e-Nabi Mausoleum. This museum was inaugurated in 1959 and was prone to damage during the imposed Iran – Iraq war. Its relics are being housed in a safe place for the time being till repairs are completed in the museum.
Back to top 
Haft Tappeh Museum, Dezful
The said is a single storied building, which was inaugurated in the year 1973. The building has a cement skeleton with a brick and stone facade. This museum is equipped with a library, archive, laboratory and a printing press. Its relics are temporarily being safeguarded in Tehran until repairs to the damages it suffered during the imposed Iran – Iraq War are completed.
Back to top 
Shoosh Museum, Shoosh 
The Shoosh Museum is situated amidst a garden near the ancient Shoosh Castle, and opposite the Danial-e-Nabi Mausoleum. The construction of this museum coincided with the excavations at Shoosh. Thereby the bricks discovered there and in Choqazanbil were utilized in construction of this building. Some other parts have been also added to the museum in the following years. The museum was inaugurated in the year 1966 and displays remnants from the pre-Elamit to the Islamic period. The Shoosh Museum has six exhibition halls in which all the vestiges discovered during excavations made in Shoosh and Choqazanbil are on display.
Back to top 

Handicrafts, Music, and Foods

Handicrafts and Souvenirs, Khuzestan
From the past, the Province of Khuzestan was renounced for its textiles and silk weaving industry. The ancient Arab geographer Al Moqaddassi has mentioned about the textiles of this area in his records. Shooshtar and its surroundings are renounced for its sleeveless cloaks made of both thick and fine materials. Shadegan is also famous for its cloaks. The weaving of the Islamic veil and the Arab veil is a dominant feature here. Bed Sheets of Shooshtar, waist wrappers of Dezful, jajeems (a loosely woven woolen material) of Shadegan are worth mentioning. Besides there are other handicrafts such as, carpet, a kind of chain stitch embroidery, Gelim weaving (a type of coarse carpet), Jajeem weaving, mat and rush mat weaving, bedding wrappers, manufacture of Warsaw silver and … can be taken to account as the handicrafts of this province.
Back to top 
Local and Regional Foods, Khuzestan 
Food habits of Khuzestan people have intermingled with their occupation and type of their job.
Types of Fish: Fried fish, Mahroot, Saboor, Fish Khoresht, Sorkhoo Fish, Masmooteh, Marg Samak, Kooshk Fish, Vegetable Fish, Fish Soup, Prawn, Tandori Fish, Shoor Fish, and Kookoo.
Types of Polow: Prawn Polow, Kalam Polow, Behbahan Polow and Tah Chin.
Types of Kabab:Zard Kabab and Kabab Shireh.
The Province of Khuzestan has a wide array of local delicacies such as Aash Dowa, Kaleh Pacheh, Koofteh Berenji, Panirak, Baqala, Sa’din, Hamis Tooleh, Samosa, Siloon Va Ardeh, Toochiri, Hashow, Doroshteh, Sholeh Ardeh, Maccaroni with carrot, Qolqol, Meat Roles, Chalpateh, Mahbooseh, Meat bread, Dandro, Hariseh, Omlet, Khoresht Bamiyeh, Khoresht Shalqam, Nesha’, She’riyeh, Ma’saleh Date, a variety of curries, local bread and pickles.
Back to top 
Local Music and Dances, Khuzestan 
In the Province of Khuzestan Shooshtari notes played in “Homayoon” musical division are very famous. Musical instruments such as “Flute”, “Oboe”, “Kettle drum”, “Tambourine” and other instruments are used. Arab lamentations and poetry such as “Abu Ziyeh”, “Atab”, “Abu Tageh” or “Basteh”, etc., have deeply influenced this territory. The local Arab music singers are called “Al Khashebeh” which play Arabic music. There is another local Arabic song and music known as “Alvaniyeh”. In “Atab” melody there is some kind of sorrow, while “Abu Tageh” is a delighting group song which is normally accompanied with a group dance called “Talgat Asba'”. Arabic musical instruments are “Motbag”, “Windpipe”, “Al Azabeh”, “Drum”, “Tambourine”, “Al Zanjari”, “Robab”, “Santur” and “Damam”.
Back to top 

Townships

Abadan
Ahwaz
Andimeshk
Baq-e-Malek
Behbahan
Dasht-e-Azadegan
Dezful
Eazeh
Khorram Shahr
Mah Shahr
Masjed Soleiman
Ramhormoz
Shadegan
Shoosh 
Shooshtar

Abadan

The township of Abadan is located to the southwest of the province, and experiences short winters and long warm summers, along with a high percentage of humidity. Abadan is a delta shaped island, with its base facing towards the Persian Gulf and its head towards Khorram Shahr. Previously it was supposed to be called “Khezr Island” but later on it was known as “Ebadan”. In 1935 “Ebadan” changed to “Abadan”. Its center is the city of Abadan, which lies at a distance of 1,000 km. from Tehran.
At the end of the 13th century A.H., due to the presence of the oil industry, Abadan developed and expanded. In the year 1909, the refinery factories were erected, which unfortunately suffered heavy damage during the imposed war between Iran and Iraq. After which it is gradually regaining its former status. This refinery is one of the attractive sites of the city of Abadan, and is one of the oldest and largest refineries in the world.
Back to top 

Ahwaz

The township of Ahwaz is situated in the central portion of the province and has a warm and humid climate. Ahwaz is the center and largest city of the province and is located 874 km. from Tehran. In ancient times it was called “Hormozd Ardeshir” and then “Soq-ol-Ahwaz”. Later on it was known as “Naseri”. Some historians have mentioned it as “Algeenis”.
There is a strong possibility that the city of Ahwaz is located on the site of the old city of “Taryana”. Ardeshir Sassanid I rebuilt Taryana and named it “Hormozd Ardeshir”. During his reign and that of his successors, the city prospered, and instead of Susa became the capital of “Suziana” (Khuzestan). At the time that the Arabs gained control of Suziana, Hormozd Ardeshir was renamed to Soq-ol-Ahwaz, which means the market of Khuzis or Hoories.
During the period of Omavi and Abbasides Caliphs, Ahwaz city flourished and became the center for the cultivation of sugar-cane. But at the end of the 3rd century A.H. due to upheavals of Saheb-ol-Zanj it witnessed a decline. Later on efforts were put for recapturing its fame, but in the mid 9th century A.H., the destruction of its large dam further more intensified the decline of the city from the former position that it was used to enjoy.
The construction of the Suez Canal, improved trade and shipping on Karoon River, and reformation of Bandar-e-Naseri as a port during the Qajar era, once again caused flourishing of Ahwaz, and its name was changed to Naseriyeh. During Pahlavi period, the city was re-gained its old name, i.e., ‘Ahwaz’. At present it plays an important role regarding the cultural, economical and industrial fields in Iran as well as being one of the highly populated areas of the province.
Back to top 

Andimeshk

The township of Andimeshk is located to the north of the Khuzestan Province, on the southern slopes of Zagross Mountains and at a distance of 726 km from Tehran. It has common borders with Lurestan.
The city of Andimeshk was constructed near the ruins of the ancient city of “Lur” (Aritareen). “Lur” was a flourishing city, and its name is mentioned in the records of ancient geographers, i.e., Estakhry and Moqadasi. “Lur” continued flourishing till mid ages, since then it was demolished and turned into a ruin. In the Qajar era, Andimeshk gained further glory and importance due to construction of a castle by “Haj Saleh Khan Mokri”, and thereby came to be known as “Saleh Abad”, and thence Andimeshk.
Back to top 

Baq-e-Malek

This township is situated to the east of the province, and has common borders with Kohkiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad Province. The city of Baq-e-Malek is located at a distance of 1,024 km. from Tehran. This vicinity has an ancient historical background. The elevated regions, forests, natural landscapes and rivers have provided a great opportunity for development and flourishing of this territory.
Back to top 

Behbahan

The township of Behbahan has a semi-desert like climate, with hot scorching summers and rainy winters. Its center is Behbahan city, which is located at a distance of 1,105 km. from Tehran. The ruling center of ancient times was known as “Qobad Foreh” and “Arkan”. Qobad Ebne Firooz was the first person responsible for constructing “Arrehjan” (Behbahan) city.
During the Sassanian era, the city of Arrehjan which is located at a distance of 12 km. from the current city of Behbahan was erected. After the destruction of Arrehjan city, the inhabitants flocked to Behbahan. In the 4th century B.C. the city of Arrehjan was fully populated, but in the second half of the 8th century, not a trace of Arrehjan remained, and in a short period the current city of Behbahan replaced the former.
Back to top 

Dasht-e-Azadegan

The said township is situated to the west of the province and it has a common border with Iraq. Its center is Sosangerd which is located at a distance of 941 km. from Tehran. It has warm and dry climate. Originally, Dasht-e-Azadehgan was known as “Bani Taraf” and in the year 1935, was changed to “Dasht-e-Mishan”, and thence after the Islamic revolution, was re-named as “Dasht-e-Azadegan”. The inhabitants of this vicinity are Arab tribes.
Till the year 1944, this area was a part of the Ahwaz Township. Later on it joined the Bostan district, and turned into the township of Dasht-e-Mishan (Dasht-e-Azadegan).
Back to top 

Dezful

The township of Dezful lies at a distance of 721 km. from Tehran, and is located to the north of Khuzestan Province. Generally, it has a desert like and comparatively dry weather with hot summers and moderate winters. The word Dezful has been derived from the words ‘Dejpol’ or ‘Despool’, and in local language it is known as ‘Dezpeel’. It is said that the people who constructed the bridge, erected a fort or “Dej” right at the beginning of the same to protect the bridge. Since then the name of “Dejpol” has remained on this city.
Alike the city of Shooshtar, Dezful surpassed the city of Jondishahpur. On destruction of the latter, Dezful progressed to a greater extent. Later on due to the devastating state of its water network, which was from the Sassanid period, the city and its surroundings were subject to heavy damages. Although, Dezful remained safe from the Mongol attacks, but later on came under the Ilkhanan jurisdiction, and did not show any resistance against the attacks of Amir Teimoor.
Nader Shah was responsible for safeguarding this vicinity against the Lors, and thereby erected a castle called Dej Shah a few kilometers to the northeast of Behbahan. Presently Dezful is one of the thriving and important cities of Khuzestan Province.
Back to top 

Eazeh

The township of Eazeh has cold winters and moderate summers, with the city of Eazeh as its center. Eazeh lies at a distance of 1,082 km. from Tehran. This land was one of the old centers of civilization, even so during the Elamit period, and was considered as one of the prospering areas. The ancient “Anzan” or “Anshan” was also located close to the city of Eazeh.
The Greeks flourished here during the time of the Selooki or Seleucidians. Even during the Sassanian period the old city of Eazeh existed. During the early Islamic period, this city proved to be one of the important cities of Khuzestan, and had an independent ruler. In the Attabak period, the city was called Malmir (Mal-e-Amir means belonging to Amir). Later on the name of Eazeh was completely forgotten, and it was during the Pahlavi reign that it was re-focused on. Till the year 1953, Eazeh was a district of Ahwaz and it was only in 1958 that it was claimed to be a township.
Back to top 

Khorram Shahr

The township of Khorram Shahr experiences extremely hot and humid weather, and the Port of Khorram Shahr (Bandar-e-Khorram Shahr), is located 994 km. from Tehran. In the 12th century A.H., Khorram Shahr was nothing more than a small village, and it was only in the beginning of the 13th century that it changed into a reputed sea port. It was under interest due to its strategic position, and therefore suffered repeated foreign attacks. The Ottoman Empire in the year 1883 A.D., Britain in the year 1857 A.D., and finally Iraq in the year 1980, surrounded Khorram Shahr respectively.
Discovery of oil in 19th century and proximity to the oil refinery factory of Abadan frequently added to its importance. The old name of Khorram Shahr under the influence of the red color of the Karoon River was “Mohammarreh”. During the imposed war of Iraq, this city suffered heavy damages and loss, besides being occupied by the enemy for a period of 575 day, ultimately regaining its freedom on May 23, 1982.
Back to top 

Mah Shahr

The township of Mah Shahr lies at a distance of 1,025 km. from Tehran, and is located to the south of the province and along the coast of the Persian Gulf. It was formerly called “Bandar-e-Ma’shoor”, and even long before that it was known as “Mahruyan” and “Machuleh”. In the year 1965, its name was changed to “Bandar-e-Mah Shahr”. The said had been one of the most important ports for export of oil from Iran, before Kharq was facilitated.
today Mah Shahr is the focal point for export of gas and refinery products in Abadan. Most of the citizens of Mah Shahr mainly have been dwelled in the old sector of city which is located at a distance of 3 km. from the new site.
Back to top 

Masjed Soleiman

The said township is situated to the north of the province, and has common borders with Esfahan and Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiyari provinces. It accounts for being an important area as the ‘winter residing quarter’ for the Bakhtiyari Tribes. This township is located in the mountainous areas as well as the plains, with moderate winters and warm summers. Its center is the city of Masjed Soleiman which lies at a distance of 1,030 km. from Tehran. Masjed Soleiman is one of the important cities of Khuzestan Province regarding the oil industry.
According to archeological discoveries, evidences relative to the pre-historic ages and cavemen have been observed here. Furthermore, it is believed that Hushang Pishdadi by means of two flints (stones) discovered fire in this area. Masjed Soleiman held importance during the various reigns such as, the Elamits, Medes, Parsees, Seleucidians, Parthians and the Sassanids. This vicinity was the birthplace of Chish Pesh Parsi. Near the current city of Masjed Soleiman is the great fire-temple from the Parthian and Sassanid periods.
In the ancient times, this area was known as ‘Tolqor’, but in 1924 after the visit of Pahlavi I, and on his suggestion to the parliament, this vicinity was assigned Masjed Soleiman in the year 1926 by parliament, and today is one of the thriving and industrial cities of the province.
Back to top 

Ramhormoz

The township of Ramhormoz is situated to the east of the province and experiences a warm climate. Its center is Ramhormoz city, and lies at a distance of 1,008 km. from Tehran. It has common border with the Province of Kohkiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad. Ramhormoz is a historical city and the founder is said to be Hormoz Sassani. Previously it was known as “Samangan”.
In spite of being a historical city, it remained under developed. The historical territory of Ramsheer is in this township, and the ruins of the ancient site of Ramsheer are at the vicinity of 3 km. The importance of Ramshir is more due to existence of the large bridge of Ramshir, built on Jarahi (Maroon) River, which acts as a link connecting the southern sea ports with Ramshir City. In recent years, Ramhormoz has regained its importance and is considered to be one of the fast developing and important townships of Khuzestan Province.
Back to top 

Shadegan

Shadegan is one of the southern townships of Khuzestan Province. Its center is the city of Shadegan which is located at 971 km. from Tehran. It experiences a warm and desert like climate. The old name of Shadegan was “Soroq” and its central government city was known as “Dowraq”. Soroq is one of the townships of Khuzestan and the name of a river around which by the order of Ardeshir, the son of Bahman Esfandiyar some cities were excavated. Currently the city of Shadegan has expanded and is famous for its woven sleeveless cloaks (aba).
Back to top 

Shoosh (Susa)

The township of Shoosh is located to the northwest of the province, and has common borders with the Ilam Province. Its center is the city of Shoosh which is at a distance of 1,010 km. from Tehran. It experiences a hot climate. Susa is considered to be one of the oldest centers of civilization throughout the globe. In archeological excavations, relics related to the pre-historic era have been discovered here. The Elamits were the first clans who were responsible for its flourishment.
During this reign Susa was proclaimed as a capital. Even after the Achaemenians gained control over Susa, the latter sustained its splendor and was selected as the winter capital by Darius the Achaemenid. Till the beginning of the control by the Muslims, Shoosh continued to thrive. In the year 1898 A.D., the famous Castle of Shoosh was constructed by “Morgan” on the northern part of the Acropol hill. The ancient name of Shoosh was ‘Soos’ or ‘Dasht-e-Soosiana’, and later on was changed to Shoosh.
Back to top 

Shooshtar

The township of Shooshtar is located at a distance of 831 km. from Tehran and has cold winters, but is warm for the rest of the year. Shooshtar lies to the north of Ahwaz. According to the Iranian mythology, the founder of this city is supposed to be Hushang Pishdadi. The conquest of Shooshtar by the Muslims took place in the Omar caliphate period. Shooshtar at the times of Bani Omayeh, was in hands of “Khavarej” (those who had turned against religion).
In the year 820 A.H., Amir Teimoor conquered this area and thereafter it became the center of the Shiite sect. In 1165-1167 A.H. Nader Shah continuously attacked this vicinity and in these battles many were killed. During the reign of Fathali Shah Qajar, the cities of Shooshtar, Dezful and Hoveyzeh, became a part of the Kermanshah Province. In the reign of Mozzafar-edin-Shah, segregation among the two groups of “Heydari” and “Ne’mati” increased to its highest level, and Khaz’al Khan encouraged the Arabs to assault Shooshtar. In Pahlavi era, after repeated unrest, the region ultimately gained peace, and today is considered to be one of the important cities of Khuzestan Province.
Back to top 
.


 

 
Suggest your comments about nearby Sightseeing

 

iran Map Maps
General Information:

 

Ahwaz Bank and exchange office:

Bank Tejarat , Ahwaz Br.
Azadegan St.
Second Floor of Center Branch
No.880 Ahwaz 14108
Tel.: (0611) 2219539 – 2222050
Fax: (0611) 2222303
Tlx.: 612126-612029 TJAH IR.
Manager : Mr. Kh. Shakhi Tavi
SWIFT: BTEJIRTHAWZ

 

Ahwaz Main post office

 Palestine street, close to pole felezi (Ahwaz bridge)

 

Internet & Phone:

There are cafe nets  and places to make  international phones along the Palestine street. just take a 5 minutes walk ineither direction and you come by  a couple at least.

 

Ahwaz Travel agency:

Iran Air Branch

 

 Manager :
Hassan assad
Address:
Ahwaz – Shahid Chamran St. No.10
Email:
Assad@IranAir.com
Sales Office:
Navaserzadeh@IranAir.com
Sales office Tel:
0611 3365684 , 3365682
Management Office Tel:
0611 3365680 , 3365681
Airport Tel:
0611 4440400

Ahwaz Restaurants:

Ghoncheh Restaurant, Prad Street 513952.
Kenar Rud (Riverside) Restaurant, on the west bank of the river, a pleasant 300-meter walk north of the suspension bridge, popular on Fridays and holidays. It’s quite good for sea-and river-fish and the nearest thing to a tourist eating place in town, 332421.
Khalij Fars Restaurant, Amanieh Street 330043.
Khayyam Restaurant, 24-meter Street, at the east-end of the suspension bridge, where delicious fried white fish with boiled rice is served in addition to other dishes 2222453.
Moqaddam Restaurant, Enghelab Street 73515.
Pol Restaurant, Naderi Street 226279.
Shamshiri Restaurant, Amanieh Street 334252.
Taq-e Bostan Restaurant, Amanieh Street 332928.
Ziba Restaurant, Naderi Street 214123.
Restaurants at Oxin Hotel and Fajr Grand Hotel, 442133-4 and 220091-5.
Balut Fruit Ice Cream Hall, though a long trek out of the center (and not marked in English), is very good for fruit ice cream and samosas.
The usual sandwich bars and several good chelo kababis around Shohada Square, the bus terminal area, and the Ahwaz Railway Station.

 

Ahwaz Getting There and Away:

Flights:

IranAir  has daily flights to and from Tehran . There are also flights to Kuwait  on Saturdays and to Dubai on Wednesdays. There are flights by Aseman and Iran air to closer by cities of Isfahan and shiraz every other day. fares for domestic flights vary between 30 to 40 $ per person . booking in advance is recommended.

 Bus:

There are bus departure and arrival to technically allover the Iran . fares vary, there are always multiple departures to and from Tehran, Isfahan , shiraz and mashed. fares vary between 6 to 10$ based on the route.

Train :

There are departures to and from Tehran at mid day everyday.

 

Ferry:

There are departure and arrival from Ahwaz to and from  Kuwait  few times a week. booking in advance is required.

::   Ahwaz Hotels

::Pars Fajr 5 star
::Oxin 3 Star
::Naderi 3 star
::Caravanserai 4 star (Abadan)
::Parsian Azadi 4 star (Abadan)
::Tourist Inn 3 star (Andimeshk)
::Tourist Inn 2 star (Masjed Soleyman)
::Tourist Inn 2 star (Dezful)

Ahwaz Historical Monuments

image/BulletA8.gif (195 bytes) Temples
 
Castles and Forts
Palaces and Edifices
Inscriptions and Epigraphs
Tombs
 
 
Old and Historical Houses
Old Bazaars
Mills
Historical Caves
Historical Graveyards
Other Historical Monuments
image/BulletC8.gif (549 bytes)  
Old Mosques
Mausoleums and Imamzadehs

Ahwaz Natural Attractions

image/BulletB8.gif (515 bytes)
Rivers
Lakes, Dams and Wetlands
Protected Zones
Springs
Forests and Valleys
Mountain and Summits
Cities & towns  in vicinity:
image/BulletD8.gif (558 bytes) Abadan
Ahvaz
Andimeshk
Baq-e-Malek
Behbahan
Dasht-e-Azadegan
Dezful
Eazeh
Khorram Shahr
Mah Shahr
Masjed Soleiman
Ramhormoz
Shadegan
Shoosh
Shooshtar
 
 
About the Author

Leave a Reply